The day after U.S. Cardinal Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick turned 80 and ceased to be an elector, 77 year old Colombian Cardinal Pedro Rubiano Sáenz tended his resignation as Archbishop of Bogotá compliant with Canon 401 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law that requires diocesan bishops to tender their resignation to the pope once they have completed their seventy-fifth year of life. Typically these resignations are not made public until a replacement can be announced alongside the retirement. That is indeed the case now — Archbishop Rubén Salazar Gómez named as the successor.
One recent exception was that of the retirement of German Cardinal Walter Kasper as the President of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. In that case the news of the retirement was ‘leaked’ 4 days prior to his successor being named.
Cardinal Sáenz’s retirement ONLY changes the occupational statistics of the College. He, at 77, is still very much an elector.
So the latest statistics for the 107 Cardinal Electors are as follows:
Of the 107 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:
- 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 1 is an Oriental Rites Patriarch, 86 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons
- 18 hold curial offices. Of these 1 is a cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone), 6 are cardinal priests and 11 are cardinal deacons
(Italy - 6, Rest of Europe – 6, U.S.A. – 1, Canada – 1, Latin America – 2 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
- 56 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal) << Please refer to June 19, 2010 posting >>
- 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
- 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
- 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
- 29 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
- 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formally of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
- Average age is 72.5 years; 12 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 58
- 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
- 77 (71.9%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
- 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
- The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
Africa 9, Americas 32 (U.S.A. 11), Asia 10, Europe 55 (Italy 19), Oceania 1
Africa 8 countries, Americas 14, Asia 7, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
Italy 19, U.S.A 11, France 6, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2