Per the 1983 Code of Canon Law Canons 354 & 401, heads of curial dicasteries and diocesan bishops must tender their resignations to the pope upon completing their seventy-fifth year of life.
This resignation requirement was talked about just a few days ago when German Cardinal Deacon Walter Kasper, 77, announced his retirement. On June 19, 2010, the Lativan Cardinal Janis Pujats had also resigned, at 79, from being the Archbishop of Riga.
Today, June 28, 2010, we have the resignation of Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, 75, as the Archbishop of Jakarta, a post he had held since January 1996. He had been a cardinal since November 1994. Compared to other retirements of late, this one was fairly early. He only completed his 75th year on December 20, 2009. I don’t know anything about him. Maybe he has health issues. Given that Indonesia has the world’s largest Muslim population the Church probably has to be on its toes over there. Given my oriental background, I do find the cardinal’s name somewhat amusing. His last name alludes to the Hindu and Buddhist ‘Dharma’ — meaning teaching. ‘Riyadi’ would appear to have some Islamic roots while ‘Jiulius’ has to be a variant of the Roman ‘Julius.’ So it would appear that his parents covered all the bases when it came to the various faiths observed in Indonesia.
Cardinal Darmaatmadja’s resignation yet AGAIN ONLY changes the employment status statistics pertaining to the College; i.e., we now have one more retired cardinal.
This is the first change, of any sort, to the demographics of the College as of June 25, 2010 when Cardinal kasper retired. Please refer to this posting for all the demographics and a list of what has changed over the last six months.
If nothing else changes prior to that, we will lose another cardinal elector on July 7, 2010.
You should also, please, check out THIS posting on the current vacancies when it comes to cardinalate title.
I am just going to update the demographics of the 108 cardinal electors to reflect yesterday’s [i.e., June 25, 2010] resignation:
Of the 108 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:
- 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 1 is an Oriental Rites Patriarch, 87 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons
- 18 hold curial offices. Of these 2 are cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone & Re), 5 are cardinal priests and the others cardinal deacons
(Italy – 7, Rest of Europe – 6, U.S.A. – 1, Latin America – 2 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
- 59 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
- 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
- 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
- 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
- 27 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
- 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formally of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
- Average age is 73 years; 12 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 57 (soon 58)
- 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
- 78 (72.2%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
- 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
- The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
Africa 9, Americas 33 (U.S.A. 12), Asia 10, Europe 55 (Italy 19), Oceania 1
Africa 8 countries, Americas 14, Asia 7, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
Italy 19, U.S.A 12, France 6, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2
Hope this helps. Cheers.