by: Anura Guruge
Where possible these updates done per Rome time
[i.e., 6 hours ahead of US East Coast time]
Click here for a 6 page Adobe Acrobat PDF
[< 200KB] of the latest College of Cardinals Statistics — In Detail
Two days after the November 20, 2010 consistory at which 24 new cardinals were created, 90 year old Spanish Cardinal Deacon Urbano Navarrete Cortés, S.J. [dob: May 25, 1920], died in Rome. He, a noted canonist and author, was created a cardinal in 2007, when he was 87. He was not a bishop and sought an exemption from the pope to not be consecrated as one. He was thus one of the 4 non-bishop cardinals. It was also a Jesuit.
The College is now at 202. Still a high, the prior high, also during the reign of this pope, having been on November 24, 2007 — following the previous cardinal creating consistory. The College is growing, due to the number of cardinals turning 80, much faster than the number of electors being added. Between 2005, when this pope was elected, and this consistory, the number of electors have gone up by 4 while College has increased by 20! Please read this << post >>.
We are still at 121 electors — 1 more than the specified 120 maximum. This is a problem. The next cardinal to turn 80 is Cardinal Panafieu on January 26, 2011. That is 65 days hence. If there were to be a conclave prior to January 26, 2011 we will have a problem. Though John Paul II (#265) also exceeded the 120 limit, twice, there are no provisions for catering for more than 120! If there was to be a pope elected when there was more than 120 electors, his election would not be constitutional — though papal tradition being what it is, this irregularity will be overlooked and never mentioned! Please read this << post >>.
We have had two changes to the composition of the College within 2 days: Nov. 20 when 24 new cardinals were created, and now with the death of a non-elector cardinal.
As of November 22, 2010, there will be 121 cardinal electors (one over the limit) with 81 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 60% of cardinals.]
The College, as of November 20, 2010, will be at 202, the largest number, ever.
We have now lost a total of 5 cardinals, through demise, since the beginning of 2010. We lost three electors during the month of March 2010, and nine since the beginning of 2010. *********
Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months
90 year old Spanish Cardinal Urbano Navarrete Cortés, S.J., dies. ** The College now at 202, electors = 121 **
November 20, 2010: Cardinal creating consistory at which 24 cardinals, 20 electors were created. ** The College now at 203, electors = 121 **
November 14, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Priest Jānis Pujats turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 101 **
October 15, 2010: Philippines Cardinal Priest Ricardo Jamin Vidal retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 102 **
October 15, 2010: Cameroon Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon Turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 102 **
October 11, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **
October 7, 2010: Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. and German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes retire. But are still electors. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 103 (no change) **
October 2, 2010: Guatemalan Cardinal Priset Rodolfo Quezada Toruño retires but is still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **
September 26, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 **
September 18, 2010: Syrian, Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 104 **
September 6, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Salvatore De Giorgi turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 105 **
August 30, 2010: French Cardinal Priest Paul Poupard turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College is still at 179; electors= 106 **
July 8, 2010: Colombian Cardinal Pedro Rubiano Sáenz retires as Archbishop of Bogotá. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **
July 7, 2010: U.S. Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, on turning 80, ceased to be an elector. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **
July 1, 2010: German Cardinal Walter Kasper, retires as the President, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **
June 30, 2010: Italian Cardinal Bishop Giovanni Battista Re, retires as the Prefect, Congregation for Bishops and is replaced by Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, my #3 papabili from 2009. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **
June 28, 2010: Indonesian Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, retires as the Archbishop of Jakarta. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **
June 19, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats, retires as the Archbishop of Riga. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **
May 4, 2010: Italian Cardinal Luigi Poggi , at one time the archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, died at the age of 92. ** The College now = 179; electors = 108 **
April 30, 2010: German Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer, a Benedictine, died at the age of 98, twenty three days prior to turning 99. ** The College then = 180 **
April 16, 2010: Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, a Jesuit, died at the age of 90. ** The College then = 181 **
March 31, 2010: Spanish Cardinal Julián Herranz Casado, Opus Dei, on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 108 electors. Julián Herranz Casado (b. March 31, 1930) of Spain, the retired President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and President of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. Spain has 10 cardinals, but only half of them are now eligible to vote. That still gives them a slight edge in terms of real representation. With 5 out of the 108 electors, Spain would a 4.6% representation if there were to be a conclave anytime soon. However, in terms of the world population of Catholics, Spain only has about 3.9%. So they can’t really complain, even though they probably will. Brazil with 3 times more Catholics has one less elector. Mexico with nearly twice more also only has 4 electors. The electors within the College does not reflect the population distribution of the Catholics. The U.S. and Europe gets preferential representation. This needs to be fixed at some point. <<q.v. Pages 7 to 11 of ‘The Next Pope’ book (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **
March 20, 2010: NZ Cardinal Thomas Stafford on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 109 electors. NZ no longer has a vote if there was to be a conclave. ‘Oceania,’ [i.e., the Pacific basin] now only has one elector, viz. Australian Cardinal George Pell (b. 1941) who was created a cardinal in 2005. It is just like the ‘old days.’ The October 1958 conclave that elected John XXIII (#262) was the first conclave attended by a cardinal from Oceania, Australia’s Norman Thomas Gilroy. <<q.v. Pages 116 & 261 of ‘The Next Pope’ (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **
March 18, 2010: US Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 110 electors. ** College then = 182 **
February 13, 2010: Cardinal Miloslav Vlk retired from being an Archbishop — but is still a bona fide elector. His resignation is per Code of Canon Law 401 § 1 requiring that diocesan bishops tender their resignation to the pope when they have completed their 75th year. ** College then = 182 **
January 27, 2010: Cardinal Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic on turning 80 became a non-elector. Canada has a total of 3 cardinals, two of whom are still electors; one of them, Cardinal Marc Ouellet a credible papabile. ** College then = 182 **
January 18, 2010: 76 year old Belgium Cardinal Godfried Danneels retired from being the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels. This did not alter the elector/non-elector numbers or the size of the College. Just changes the statistics as to the ‘occupations’ of the cardinals. ** College then = 182 **
January 10, 2010: Cardinal Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra, of Madagascar, Archbishop Emeritus of Antananarivo, died unexpectedly having had a fall while taking a walk. He had turned 84 last August.
** College then = 182 **
December 31, 2009: Cardinal Cahal Brendan Daly, of Ireland, Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh, died late in the day on Decmeber 31, 2009. He had turned 92 in October. ** College then = 183 **
December 30, 2009: Japanese Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, who had turned 81 this past June, died unexpectedly, in Tokyo. ** College then = 184 **
December 18, 2009: Cardinal Józef Glemp of Poland, created a cardinal by his compatriot in 1983, turned 80. He thus ceased to be an elector. That reduced the number of electors. ** College then = 185 **
November 17, 2009: Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, at 79, retired as the Archbishop of Douala. ** College then = 185 **
The Rationale for these Demographics
Following my “Next Pope — Papabili List for 2009,” I had some questions as to the amount of sway the curial cardinals would have at the next conclave. So I did some analysis on the composition of the current College beyond just age and nationalities. This is an ongoing effort to keep the data that I found up to-date. I also used these stats when writing my ‘The Next Pope – After Pope Benedict XVI’ book.
Hope this helps. All the best.