.by Anura Guruge
On Monday, April 2, 2012, U.S. Cardinal Priest Edward Michael Egan [dob: April 2, 1932], turned 80 and ceased to be an elector. He was the Archbishop New York City from May 2000 to February 2009, when approaching his 77th birthday the pope accepted his resignation per the nominal 75-year retirement age specified in Canon 401 § 1 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law for diocesan bishops. He was actually one of six cannon law specialist that reviewed the 1983 code before it was promulgated by Pope John Paul II (#265). He was created a cardinal in February 2001. Of late he has been embattled following his retraction of an apology he made for clergy sex abuse; q.v. link-1 & link-2.
This is the first change to the demographics of the College since March 9, 2012, when 91-year old Philippines Cardinal Priest José Tomás Sánchez died.
He is the 4th cardinal to turn 80 in 2012, and the 2nd following the February 18, 2012 cardinal creating consistory at which the number of electors hit 125 — 5 above the limit. Now it just 3 above.
2012, bar the February 18 consistory, has been a rather quiet year so far for the College. There hasn’t been as many cardinals retiring as there was last year; 6 had retired by April 1, and 5 had turned 80. But, the first death, uncharacteristically late, was on April 1. This year we have, so far, only had one retirement. But, there has already been two deaths.
The College continues at 212 (still a record), with the electors at 123 — still 3 too many.
As of February April 2, 2012, there are 123 cardinal electors with 89 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 58% of cardinals.]
The College as of April 2, 2012 is at 212.
Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months
April 2, 2012: 80-Year old U.S. Cardinal Edward Michael Egan ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 212, electors down to 123 **
March 9, 2012: 91-Year Old Philippines Cardinal José Tomás Sánchez Dies.
** College down to 212, electors continue at 124 **
March 8, 2012: 80-Year old Guatemalan Cardinal Rodolfo Quezada Toruño ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 213, electors down to 124 **
February 18, 2012: 22 cardinals, 18 electors and 4 non-electors created.
** College at an all time high of 213, electors bumped up to 125, 5 above the limit **
February 1, 2012: 88-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua Dies.
** College down to 192, electors continue at 107 **
January 13, 2012: 80-Year old Chinese Cardinal Priest Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 107 **
January 6, 2012: 80-Year old Portuguese Cardinal Bishop José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 108 **
January 5, 2012: 76-Year old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli retires as Major Penitentiary.
** College continues at 192, electors continue at 109 **
◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊
Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.
Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.