by Anura Guruge.
On Thursday, November 1, 2012, All Saints Day, Nigerian Cardinal Bishop, Francis Arinze turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. He was considered by the popular media, particularly so in the British-influenced English media, as a leading papbile in 2005, though the indications are that he got few, if any, votes at the conclave. Some have continued to promote him, contrary to much evidence that would contradict the possibility of the next pope being non-white, as a papbile. That he has now turned 80 might finally, thank God, put an end to this pipe dream because most are willing to contend that the electors might be a tad hesitant to elect a pope who is beyond 80 (a non-white to boot) — the only possible exception to this over-80 ‘rule’ being Lord Bertone, in a couple of year.
He is the 11th cardinal to age out this year, another aging out on November 23 to provide the 6 vacancies for the forthcoming November 24, 2012 cardinal creating consistory. Only 10 cardinals aged out last year. But, we had more retirements last year. Consequently, the average age at which changes to the College have occurred this year, i.e., 80.9 years, is a full year higher than it was for 2011.
Today’s aging out was the first change to the College in 41 days. That is unusual though we had a 49-day hiatus last year. At this time last year we had had one more change than this year. This years ‘days between changes’ has gone up to 11.1 days, cf. 10 for 2011.
We now only have two Cardinal Bishop electors. Not a problem. We actually don’t need any for a conclave. The senior most Cardinal Priest can legitimately deputize without any problems.
Arinze became a titular bishop in July 1965, aged 32. He was an Archbishop 23 months later. Became a curialist in May 1985 and was created a Cardinal Deacon that same month. Opted to become a Cardinal Priest, per jus optionis, in January 1996. Promoted to being a Cardinal Bishop in April 25, 2005 by Pope Benedict XVI (#266) six days after becoming pope!
Nigeria is down to one elector but will have another created on November 24th.
The last cardinal to age out was Cardinal Priest Pedro Rubiano Sáenz 49 days ago.
The College continues at 205 (still ahead of the 203 mark set at the November 2010 consistory), with the electors at 115 — giving us 5 elector vacancies.
As of November 1, 2012, there are 115 cardinal electors with 90 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]
The College as of September 21, 2012 is at 205.
Please CLICK on image to ENLARGE.
Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months
Nov. 1, 2012: Nigerian Cardinal Bishop Francis Arinze Turns 80;
** College continues at 205, electors down to 115 **
Sept. 21, 2012: 77 Year Old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli Dies;
** College down to 205, electors down to 116 **
Sept. 13, 2012: Colombian Cardinal Priest Pedro Rubiano Sáenz Turns 80;
** College continues at 206, electors down to 117 **
August 31, 2012: 85-Year Old, Italian Cardinal Priest Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., Dies;
** College down to 206, electors continue at 118 **
August 24, 2012: English Cardinal Priest Cormac Murphy-O’Connor Turns 80;
** College continues at 207, electors down to 118 **
August 22, 2012: Taiwan Cardinal Priest Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J. dies At 88;
** College down to 207, electors continue at 119 **
August 10, 2012: Filipino Cardinal Priest Gaudencio Borbon Rosales turns 80;
** College continues at 208, electors down to 119 **
July 26, 2012: U.S. Cardinal Priest James Francis Stafford turns 80;
** College continues at 208, electors down to 120 **
July 9, 2012: 91-Year old Brazilian Cardinal Priest Eugênio de Araújo Sales dies;
** College down to 208, electors continue at 121 **
July 2, 2012: 76-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest William Joseph Levada Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 121 **
June 26, 2012: 75-Year old Italian Cardinal Priest Ennio Antonelli Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 121 **
June 13, 2012: 80-Year old Swiss Cardinal Priest Henri Schwery ceases to be elector;
** College continues at 209, electors down to 121 **
June 9, 2012: 78-Year Italian Cardinal Deacon Raffaele Farina, S.D.B. Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 122 **
June 5, 2012: 80-Year Guatemalan Cardinal Priest Rodolfo Quezada Toruño Dies;
** College down to 209, electors continue at 122 ***
May 25, 2012: 75- year old Nigerian, Cardinal Priest Anthony Olubunmi Okogie Retires;
** College continues at 210, electors continue at 122 ***
May 17, 2012: 80- year old Czech Cardinal Priest Miloslav Vlk ceases to be elector;
** College continues at 210, electors down to 122 ***
May 10, 2012: 80-year old South Korean, Cardinal Priest Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk Retires; ** College continues at 210, electors continue at 123 ***
April 10, 2012: 89-year old Puerto Rican, Cardinal Priest Luis Aponte Martínez Dies;
** College down to 210, electors continue at 123 **
April 7, 2012: 81-year old Syrian Oriental Rites Patriarch, Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud Dies; ** College down to 211, electors continue at 123 **
April 5, 2012: 75-Year Old Canadian Cardinal Priest Jean-Claude Turcotte Retired on March 20, 2012; ** College continues at 212, electors continue at 123 **
April 2, 2012: 80-Year old U.S. Cardinal Edward Michael Egan ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 212, electors down to 123 **
March 9, 2012: 91-Year Old Philippines Cardinal José Tomás Sánchez Dies.
** College down to 212, electors continue at 124 **
March 8, 2012: 80-Year old Guatemalan Cardinal Rodolfo Quezada Toruño ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 213, electors down to 124 **
February 18, 2012: 22 cardinals, 18 electors and 4 non-electors created.
** College at an all time high of 213, electors bumped up to 125, 5 above the limit **
February 1, 2012: 88-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua Dies.
** College down to 192, electors continue at 107 **
January 13, 2012: 80-Year old Chinese Cardinal Priest Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 107 **
January 6, 2012: 80-Year old Portuguese Cardinal Bishop José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 108 **
January 5, 2012: 76-Year old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli retires as Major Penitentiary.
** College continues at 192, electors continue at 109 **
◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊
Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.
Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.