Category Archives: Papabili

World Has Not Seen A Pope Younger Than 70 Since May 1990.

.Anura Guruge December 2014 thumbnail
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by Anura Guruge


Original ‘Minimum Age To Be Pope’ post (from 2009)


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John Paul II on May 16, 1990 — 2 days ahead of his 70th birthday.

May 18, 1990, John Paul II turned 70.

We have not seen a pope younger than 70 since then. That is 25 years. A whole generation. In the scheme of things we have been here before, e.g., Pius IX’s reign.

But it is interesting that there is a resurgence of interest in a young pope. That might not happen anytime soon. The trend seems to be with electing cardinals who are over 75.

Food for thought.


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Minimum Age To Be Pope: All Of Today’s Cardinals, Including Tagle, Plenty Old Enough.

.Anura Guruge December 2014 thumbnail
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by Anura Guruge


Original ‘Minimum Age To Be Pope’ post (from 2009)


Today’s youngest cardinal is Mafi from Tonga, created in February 2015. He is 53 — turning 54 in December.

Mafi ALREADY is older than the ten youngest popes since 1400! Here is my list (from this 2010 post).

So Mafi, THE youngest, is plenty old enough to be a ‘modern’ pope.

That is basically the issue today when it comes to how young a pope could be. UNLESS the electors, for inescapable reasons, decide to go with a non-cardinal, any papabile is BOUND to be plenty old enough. Any under-80 cardinal, unless there is an explicit papal dispensation, has to be a Bishop to be created. You need to be 35 years old to be a bishop. 35 is plenty old enough.

So that is the deal. Here is a list, from my new Excel spreadsheet of the current crop of youngest cardinals.  A few of them, Lacroix, Tagle, Parolin, Erdö and Koch could be considered papabili. They are ALL plenty old enough. OK?

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Click to ENLARGE and study. Enjoy.

‘The Election Of The 2013 Pope’, Kindle eBook, $2.67 (for Pope #267), Now On Amazon Worldwide — by Anura Guruge

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by Anura Guruge


++++ Please scroll down for other posts. I don’t have the time and space to show all the links.


Click to access.
Click to access.

Yes, the 2nd Kindle book in 4 days, but this is the last. In this ebook I included 15 FAQs: the ones most asked of me. Also provide a list of all the ‘officers’ for the 2013 conclave plus their duties. Yes, some of the content is borrowed from ‘The Next Pope 2011‘. As with ‘The Last 9 Conclaves: 1903 to 2005’ the express intent of this ebook is to provide electronic content for those that was reference matter on their Smart Phones or Pads — given that the ‘The Next Pope 2011‘ is not available electronically, and will not be available electronically. I priced it to coincide with the correct sequence number of the new pope: #267; hence U.S. $2.67.


One of the 15 new FAQs. Click.
One of the 15 new FAQs. Click.

Table of Contents. Click.
Table of Contents. Click.


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So What Will Ex-Pope Ratzinger Do? I Think That Will Have To Be His Name. He Can’t Be Benedict XVI Once He Is Emeritus.

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by Anura Guruge


Kind of funny, in a sad way, to papal historians like me. Another well known pope to resign: not once BUT twice. Benedict ‘3-term’ IX (#146, #148 & #151). This will blacken the name ‘Benedict’ for a long time.

So what do you call an ex-pope, other than ‘loser’? He can’t carry on being Benedict XVI. That was his papal name. He has to Ratzinger. But, what Ratzinger. Pope Emeritus Ratzinger?

Where will he live. Rome? Italy? Germany? Elba? Or will he move to the U.S.?

Yes, I am a cynic. Benedict IX resigned for the first time BECAUSE he, around 25 at the time, wanted to get married. Will Benedict finally marry Ingrid Stampa?

What will the ex-Pope do during the conclave? Will he attend the inauguration?

Why did he spurn God’s will? When 6 year olds get killed everybody says ‘God’s Will’, they are going home to God. So what about the pope. Didn’t God just want to ask him to come home? This to me violates God’s will.

Popes Resignation Was WRONG! Weak Pope Will Be Followed By Strong Pope. Lord Bertone vs. Cardinal Ouellet

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by Anura Guruge


The pope should NOT have resigned. Yes, of course, he had the right and he had talked about it. John Paul II did NOT resign. He braved it out till the end and let God make the call. My Queen will do the same. She has said she will not abdicate. She was given the job — for life.

That Benedict XVI resigned finally confirmed my refrain of the last 18 months. He was a weak pope. GROBR. The timing of his resignation is clear. He wanted to make sure his buddy Kasper can be an elector. He turns 80 on March 5 but will be eligible because he was under 80 when the pope resigned.

My top 5:

#1 (tied): Lord Bertone

#1 (tied): Marc Ouellet

#3: Lord Tettamanzi

#4: Angelo Scola

#5: Lord Schonborn

Fat pope, followed by thin pope. Old pope followed by young pope.

Weak pope followed by Lord Bertone. QED.

Ouellet ONLY if papal resignation now become accepted as the norm.

German pope soured it for other non-Italians. So that will weigh against both Ouellet and Schonborn.

Next pope WILL NOT be American. Next pope will be white.



Popes and Papacy inundated. We have upgraded the server 4 times. GoDaddy, where it is hosted, as been outstanding. So be patient on main blog. Thanks.

Next Cardinal Creating Consistory, November 20, 2010?

There is chatter that there will be a consistory on Saturday, November 30, 2010, at the start of the ‘Christ the King Weekend,’ for the creation a new batch of cardinals. Check this << post >>.

The latest thinking, as of Sept. 6, 2010, as to who the new cardinals may be, i.e., the so called cardinalabili, can be found << here >>.

On Sept. 9, 2010, I pointed out that a November 2010 (or for that matter a December 2010) cardinal creating consistory only makes sense if the pope is willing to exceed the current, totally arbitrary and artificial, 120 cardinal elector limit. You can read that << here >>

There is also a new papabili list, the third of its kind. You can find that << here >>

Thank you. Cheers. Enjoy.

Anura Guruge
Author, ‘The Next Pope’ book

Cardinal Re Retires, My #3 Papabili Canadian Marc Ouellet Steps Into His Shoes; 4th Retirement In 11 Days

Per the 1983 Code of Canon Law Canons 354 & 401, heads of curial dicasteries and diocesan bishops must tender their resignations to the pope upon completing their seventy-fifth year of life.

That Cardinal Re (senior most cardinal bishop under 80) was due to retire per ‘401, ‘ and was likely to be replaced by my #3 papabili (as of December 2009), Cardinal Marc Ouellet, P.S.S., was already talked about here on June 18, 2010, thanks to the heads-up from my cardinal & bishop watched, John Stabeno, ‘an insider’ of sorts [[smile]]. I have a write-up of Marc Ouellet on page 17 – 18 of ‘The Next Pope‘. If you are interested use Google Books or Amazon to read the pages given that I assume you don’t have the book. This is a big deal for Canada. Ouellet, a Sulpician, is on the editorial board of Communio, a theological review founded in 1972, with the current pope being one of the founders.

This is the fourth resignation in 11 days. Much of this has to do with the rapidly approaching Summer ‘recces’ for the pope — who leaves the heat of Rome in July and heads to the cooler climes of Castel Gandolfo for the Summer. Basically the Vatican is trying to get appointments in place prior to the recces.

So just in the last few days we have talked about the retirements of Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja and German Cardinal Deacon Walter Kasper.

Cardinal Re’s resignation and Cardinal Ouellet’s appointment yet AGAIN ONLY changes the employment status statistics pertaining to the College; i.e., we now have one more retired cardinal, one less Archbishop and the demographics of the curial heads change.

If nothing else changes prior to that, we will lose another cardinal elector on July 7, 2010.

You should also, please, check out THIS posting on the current vacancies when it comes to cardinalate title.

I am just going to update the demographics of the 108 cardinal electors to reflect today’s [i.e., June 30, 2010] changes:

Of the 108 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:

  • 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 1 is an Oriental Rites Patriarch, 87 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons
  • 18 hold curial offices. Of these 1 is a cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone), 6 are cardinal priests and 11 are cardinal deacons
    (Italy – 6, Rest of Europe – 6, U.S.A. – 1, Canada – 1, Latin America – 2 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
  • 58 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
  • 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
  • 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
  • 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
  • 28 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formally of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
  • Average age is 73 years; 13 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 58
  • 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
  • 78 (72.2%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
  • 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 9, Americas 33 (U.S.A. 12), Asia 10, Europe 55 (Italy 19), Oceania 1
    Africa 8 countries, Americas 14, Asia 7, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
    Italy 19, U.S.A 12, France 6, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2

Hope this helps. Cheers.

Anura Guruge