Tag Archives: Belgium

German Cardinal Priest ‘W.K’ Turns 80 But Remains An Elector. College = 207, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.

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  by Anura Guruge


On Tuesday, March 5, 2013, the 5th full day of the 2013 sede vacante, the ex-curial German Cardinal Priest ‘W.K’ turned 80. But, he remains a cardinal elector since the 80-year cut off for voting in the upcoming conclave, per the norms, was the day PRIOR to the start of the sede vacante. The sede vacante started on February 28, 2013. So the cut-off was February 27. He was under 80 on that day. Those are the rules per Universi Dominici Gregis (UDG). Yes, John Paul II, quite astutely, changed the cut-off day. It used to be the day of the conclave. Per that rule the German cardinal would not have been an elector. But, John Paul II realized that the cardinals had the power to set the start of the conclave to be 15 to 20 full days from the start of the s.v. — it was that 5 day leeway that he was concerned about. The cardinals could have pushed back the start to 16, 17 or 20 days to make sure that one of their peers made the cut. John Paul II, who never climbed down from the cross, did not anticipate that any pope would be fickle enough to resign (though his UDG and Canon Law permits it). So, he kept on thinking that a s.v. would only happen when a pope died. Though we know that the time of death can be manipulated, by and large it is difficult to mess around with a pope’s death for much more than 24 hours. So, per John Paul II’s thinking, the start of a s.v. couldn’t really be manipulated — because he didn’t take into account weak popes that would throw up their hands and say: ‘this is way to hard for poor me. I quit‘. By setting the cut-off to the day before the s.v. he wanted to minimize the possibility of cardinals manipulating the eligibility. Ironically, Benedict XVI, foiled him. It is now very obvious that Benedict timed his resignation fully aware that his fellow German would get to take part in the conclave.

Next_Pope_2011_Front_Cover_158x197_jpegEqually you have to feel sorry for poor ol’ Cardinal Husar who turned 80 on February 26 — the day before the cut-off! That too was planned. He should feel slighted and offended. If Benedict had resigned on his birthday he would still have been eligible because he would have been 79 the day before.

So we will have a 80 year old cardinal elector at this conclave.

That was always a possibility and I had discussed it in detail in my ‘The Next Pope 2011‘ book.

Yes, it is a record.
The first time an over 80 elector has participated in a conclave
since the over-80 limitation which became law in January 1971.

This is the 8th change to the College in 2013.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 207 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.

Cologne, World War II.

As of March 5, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

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The College as of February 28, 2013 is at 207.


Mar5_2013ShortStack

Click to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

March 5, 2013: German cardinal priest ‘W.K.’ turns 80 but remains an elector.
** College continues at 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 28, 2013: 92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies.
** College down to 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

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92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies. College = 207, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.

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  by Anura Guruge


On Thursday, February 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI’s last day.

This is the 5th change to the College in 2013, and the third death. It was March 9 before we saw two deaths in 2012.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 207 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.


As of February 28, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 28, 2013 is at 207.


I will update the Stats chart later. No biggie. He was a non-elector.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Feb 28, 2013: 92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies.
** College down to 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Cardinal Husar Ages Out. O’Brien Resigns. College = 208, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 91.

Cardinal Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. becomes non-elector.

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by Anura Guruge


On Tuesday, February 26, 2013,  Ukrainian Cardinal Priest Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. turned 80 and ceased to be an elector — one day ahead of the cutoff date for the 2013 conclave. He had participated in the 2005 conclave, so at least he got to savor the experience once. He was elected Archbishop Major of Lviv of the Ukrainians in January 2001. He was created a month later. He retired from diocesan duties in just ahead of his 76th birthday. He had eye troubles.

O’Brien, implicated of improper sexual behavior, resigned as Archbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh – ahead of his 75th birthday. He still remains a cardinal, though he has opted not to participate in the 2013 conclave (probably to the great relief of the younger cardinals).

This is the 6th change to the College in 2013.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 208 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.


As of February 26, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 91.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 24, 2013 is at 208.


Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

 

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

 

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **


Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.

** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies. College = 208, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 90.

Julien Ries receiving an honorary doctorate in 2010.

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by Anura Guruge


On Saturday, February 23, 2013,  92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries [dob: April 19, 1920] died. He created in February 2012, after he had turned 80, was noted historian and academic. He is the 2nd over 90 cardinal to die this month.

This is the 5th change to the College in 2013, and the third death. It was March 9 before we saw two deaths in 2012.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 208 (still quite high), with the electors at 118 — two short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura Guruge


As of February 24, 2013, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 24, 2013 is at 208.


I will update the Stats chart on Tuesday, February 26.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

 

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Confiscation Of Cardinal Danneels’ Computer And The Scanning Of The Tombs Of Two Former Cardinals

Suffice to say that what happened in Belgium yesterday when they raided the residence of Cardinal Godfried Danneels and that of the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels, Andre-Joseph Leonard was unprecedented in modern times.

Today we are finding out that they seized Cardinal Danneels’ computer and drilled into the tombs of two former cardinals to determine if documents had been recently secreted within these tombs! This is pretty heady stuff. Seems far fetched even for the Catholic Church. Yes, hiding ‘stuff’ within the tomb of a cardinal may have been ‘state-of-the-art’ in the fourteenth century … but this is now?

That the Vatican is outraged was to be expected.

That those that have been agitating for more action against the clergy that supposedly abused children were overjoyed and warmly applauded the actions of the Belgian authorities was also to be expected.

Here are two links to the latest stories: << BBC >> and << AP >>.

My current feeling, and as ever, I could be wrong, is that the Belgians overreached slightly and are now going to over-compensate by sweeping everything under the proverbial carpet! In a way that is a shame.

Given my background in computers, what fascinated me most was the confiscation of Cardinal Deanneels’ computer. This could literally have been Pandora’s Box.

WAS IT A BREACH OF PROTOCOL?
As I point out on page 81 of my ‘The Next Pope‘ book, secular powers are supposed to treat cardinals as the equivalent of royal princes.

Page 81 of Anura Guruge's February 2010 'The Next Pope'
Page 81 of Anura Guruge's February 2010 'The Next Pope'

Belgium, like Britain, has a constitutional monarchy. There is a King and a bunch of princes. So, Belgium is a country that fully understands and appreciates the notion of royal princes.

Though it is now mainly a secular country, about 47% of the population is still, at least nominally, Catholic. Thus, one has to assume, that Cardinal Danneels was considered to be a part of the Royal Court — given the existence of a Court and the Catholic bias of the population.

This is what puzzles me. I am not sure whether the British authorities would ever confiscate the computer of a British prince — whatever the supposed crime. I could be wrong.

Cardinal Danneels is Belgian. That can’t be refuted. So he is subject to the Belgium laws. I don’t think the pope or the Vatican could claim otherwise. Of late, the Vatican has gone to great lengths to claim that Bishops do not report directly to the pope. [This being to distance the pope from bishops facing civil investigations in places like the States.] The same argument would apply to a Cardinal — especially one who was an Archbishop. Thus, I am not sure that Cardinal Danneels can claim any sort of diplomatic immunity citing that he actually is a ‘citizen’ of the Vatican City State. That works for the pope. But, I am sure it won’t cut any mustard in the case of Cardinal Danneels. So diplomatic, as opposed to royal, immunity would be out of the question.

WHAT DO YOU THINK MAYBE ON THE COMPUTER?
There is one thing I am fairly sure about. That is that the Vatican probably never thought that the computer of one of its cardinals would get confiscated. It is likely that sensitive information is stored, encrypted. And I doubt whether Cardinal Danneels will surrender the code to unencrypt the data. Yes, the Belgian authorities, but, if not, the FBI for sure, could crack the code IF they wanted to — all it needs is oodles of processing power.

But there could be emails. My gut feel, and I could be wrong, is that there will be some amount of ’embarrassing,’ if not incriminating, data on that computer. It may not be explicitly to do with what took place in Belgium. But, there could be documents that talked about the Vatican’s general policy re. the clergy abuse scandal.

If so, could the Vatican agitate that the information is protected. Of course, if can — whether it has a legal basis or not. But, here is where gumption comes in.

I think the Belgian authorities are ALREADY feeling the heat. Maybe they went too far. Maybe all they should have done was nab a few computers. Drilling holes in tombs is always provocative.

So my druthers is that this matter is already at an end!

Nothing will be found. The Belgian authorities will start back pedaling. Claim nothing of importance was found.

But, as ever, I could be wrong.

Anura Guruge

Belgian Cardinal Godfried Danneels’ House Raided By Belgian Police

Breaking news. The BBC and AP, inexcusably, do not refer to him as a Cardinal. Just Archbishop. That is a bit ‘unfair’ given that he has been a cardinal since 1983.

CatholicCulutre.Org misspells his name! << Here, have a look >>

Here are the most informative articles:

1/ The AP article

2/ The BBC article

As ever, my goal is to keep you posted on anything REALLY pertinent when it comes to the pope, papabili, cardinals and the next pope.

Cheers

Anura Guruge