Tag Archives: Canon 354

Major Penitentiary, Cardinal Fortunato Baldelli, 76, Retires; College Continues At 192, Electors Remain At 109

Anura Guruge, laughing, picture November 16, 2011.

Cardinal Fortunato Baldelli, ex-Major Penitentiary

by Anura Guruge

On Thursday, January 5, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI (#266) accepted the resignation, from the post of Major Penitentiary, of 76-year old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli [dob: Aug. 6, 1935]. He, a career curialist and nuncio, had been the Major Penitentiary since June 2, 2009. He was created at the last cardinal creating consistory on November 20, 2010. His retirement would have been per the 75-year retirement age specified in Canon 354 of the 1983 Code, the Major Penitentiary being the head of the curial, Apostolic Penitentiary.

The new M. P. is Portuguese  Archbishop Manuel Monteiro de Castro who until today was the Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops and as such also the Secretary of the College of Cardinals.

Cardinal Baldelli’s retirement being accepted by the pope at 76 is not untoward. The prior M.P., the American Stafford also retired at 76. The American Wakefield Baum, who was the prior Cardinal M.P. (with an intervening non-cardinal M.P.) retired the day after his 75th birthday. The cardinal prior to that, Italian Dadaglio, also called it quits at 75. So I would not read anything into this ‘early’ retirement.

This retirement only changes the employment statistics of the College. Baldelli, at 76, continues as an elector.

The College continues 192, and the electors remain at 109.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura Guruge


As of January 5, 2012, there are 109 cardinal electors with 83 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of January 5, 2012 is at 192.


Please CLICK on image to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

January 5, 2012: 76-Year old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli retires as Major Penitentiary.
** College continues at 192, electors continue at 109 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

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76-Year Old Italian Cardinal Deacon Giovanni Lajolo to Retire as of October 1, 2011

by Anura Guruge

Cardinal Giovanni Lajolo [dob: January 3, 1965], the current President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State and of the Governorate of Vatican City, turned 75 year last January. Per Canon 354 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law, he as a curial head would have had to tender his resignation at that point — 75 being the nominal retirement age for both curial and pastoral cardinals. When the pope accepts these resignations is totally up to the pope’s discretion — and acceptances of such resignations [i.e., start of retirement] is not usually announced by the Vatican until a replacement is ready to be named.

Today, the Vatican Information Service (VIS) bulletin had this to say: “(The pope) Accepted the resignation, with effect from 1 October, from the office of president of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State and of the Governorate of Vatican City State presented by Cardinal Giovanni Lajolo, upon having reached the age limit.”

The way I read this is that Lajolo is not ’emeritus’ until October 1.

So I will not update the College of Cardinals stats since as far as I can see nothing has changed. So this is but a heads-up for October 1.

Cardinal Walter Kasper’s Retirement, Now Official. Successor, ‘Archbishop’ from Switzerland Named

On June 26, 2010, I told you that there were reports that German Cardinal Walter Kasper had retired from being the the President of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity.

I also noted that it was incongruous in that no successor had been named. That is fixed as of today. Swiss Kurt Koch, promoted to being an archbishop, has been named as his replacement.

Since my College of Cardinals stats already have Kasper as retired, there is nothing I have to update.

Just look at yesterday’s post.

Cheers,
Anura Guruge

Cardinal Re Retires, My #3 Papabili Canadian Marc Ouellet Steps Into His Shoes; 4th Retirement In 11 Days

Per the 1983 Code of Canon Law Canons 354 & 401, heads of curial dicasteries and diocesan bishops must tender their resignations to the pope upon completing their seventy-fifth year of life.

That Cardinal Re (senior most cardinal bishop under 80) was due to retire per ‘401, ‘ and was likely to be replaced by my #3 papabili (as of December 2009), Cardinal Marc Ouellet, P.S.S., was already talked about here on June 18, 2010, thanks to the heads-up from my cardinal & bishop watched, John Stabeno, ‘an insider’ of sorts [[smile]]. I have a write-up of Marc Ouellet on page 17 – 18 of ‘The Next Pope‘. If you are interested use Google Books or Amazon to read the pages given that I assume you don’t have the book. This is a big deal for Canada. Ouellet, a Sulpician, is on the editorial board of Communio, a theological review founded in 1972, with the current pope being one of the founders.

This is the fourth resignation in 11 days. Much of this has to do with the rapidly approaching Summer ‘recces’ for the pope — who leaves the heat of Rome in July and heads to the cooler climes of Castel Gandolfo for the Summer. Basically the Vatican is trying to get appointments in place prior to the recces.

So just in the last few days we have talked about the retirements of Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja and German Cardinal Deacon Walter Kasper.

Cardinal Re’s resignation and Cardinal Ouellet’s appointment yet AGAIN ONLY changes the employment status statistics pertaining to the College; i.e., we now have one more retired cardinal, one less Archbishop and the demographics of the curial heads change.

If nothing else changes prior to that, we will lose another cardinal elector on July 7, 2010.

You should also, please, check out THIS posting on the current vacancies when it comes to cardinalate title.

I am just going to update the demographics of the 108 cardinal electors to reflect today’s [i.e., June 30, 2010] changes:

Of the 108 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:

  • 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 1 is an Oriental Rites Patriarch, 87 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons
  • 18 hold curial offices. Of these 1 is a cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone), 6 are cardinal priests and 11 are cardinal deacons
    (Italy – 6, Rest of Europe – 6, U.S.A. – 1, Canada – 1, Latin America – 2 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
  • 58 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
  • 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
  • 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
  • 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
  • 28 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formally of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
  • Average age is 73 years; 13 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 58
  • 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
  • 78 (72.2%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
  • 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 9, Americas 33 (U.S.A. 12), Asia 10, Europe 55 (Italy 19), Oceania 1
    Africa 8 countries, Americas 14, Asia 7, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
    Italy 19, U.S.A 12, France 6, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2

Hope this helps. Cheers.

Anura Guruge

Indonesian Cardinal Darmaatmadja Retires; Third Cardinal To Retire In 9 Days

Per the 1983 Code of Canon Law Canons 354 & 401, heads of curial dicasteries and diocesan bishops must tender their resignations to the pope upon completing their seventy-fifth year of life.

This resignation requirement was talked about just a few days ago when German Cardinal Deacon Walter Kasper, 77, announced his retirement. On June 19, 2010, the Lativan Cardinal Janis Pujats had also resigned, at 79, from being the Archbishop of Riga.

Today, June 28, 2010, we have the resignation of Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, 75, as the Archbishop of Jakarta, a post he had held since January 1996. He had been a cardinal since November 1994. Compared to other retirements of late, this one was fairly early. He only completed his 75th year on December 20, 2009. I don’t know anything about him. Maybe he has health issues. Given that Indonesia has the world’s largest Muslim population the Church probably has to be on its toes over there. Given my oriental background, I do find the cardinal’s name somewhat amusing. His last name alludes to the Hindu and Buddhist ‘Dharma’ — meaning teaching. ‘Riyadi’ would appear to have some Islamic roots while ‘Jiulius’ has to be a variant of the Roman ‘Julius.’ So it would appear that his parents covered all the bases when it came to the various faiths observed in Indonesia.

Cardinal Darmaatmadja’s resignation yet AGAIN ONLY changes the employment status statistics pertaining to the College; i.e., we now have one more retired cardinal.

This is the first change, of any sort, to the demographics of the College as of June 25, 2010 when Cardinal kasper retired. Please refer to this posting for all the demographics and a list of what has changed over the last six months.

If nothing else changes prior to that, we will lose another cardinal elector on July 7, 2010.

You should also, please, check out THIS posting on the current vacancies when it comes to cardinalate title.

I am just going to update the demographics of the 108 cardinal electors to reflect yesterday’s [i.e., June 25, 2010] resignation:

Of the 108 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:

  • 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 1 is an Oriental Rites Patriarch, 87 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons
  • 18 hold curial offices. Of these 2 are cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone & Re), 5 are cardinal priests and the others cardinal deacons
    (Italy – 7, Rest of Europe – 6, U.S.A. – 1, Latin America – 2 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
  • 59 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
  • 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
  • 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
  • 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
  • 27 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formally of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
  • Average age is 73 years; 12 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 57 (soon 58)
  • 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
  • 78 (72.2%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
  • 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 9, Americas 33 (U.S.A. 12), Asia 10, Europe 55 (Italy 19), Oceania 1
    Africa 8 countries, Americas 14, Asia 7, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
    Italy 19, U.S.A 12, France 6, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2

Hope this helps. Cheers.

Anura Guruge

German Cardinal Walter Kasper, President, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity, Retires, June 25,

Per the 1983 Code of Canon Law Canons 354 & 401, heads of curial dicasteries and diocesan bishops must tender their resignations to the pope upon completing their seventy-fifth year of life. This resignation requirement was last talked about on June 19, 2010, when the Lativan Cardinal Janis Pujats resigned, at 79, from being the Archbishop of Riga.

It is now being reported that on June 25, 2010, German Cardinal Deacon Walter Kasper, 77, has announced his resignation as the President of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. He had held this post since March 3, 2001 — appointed 10 days after he was created a cardinal deacon by John Paul II (#265). What is incongruous about this resignation is that a successor has not been named! Typically these ‘past 75’ resignations are only announced when the successor is being named. Hence, as in the case of Pujats, why the cardinal may be 79 (or even older) before his resignation is accepted and announced.

Cardinal Kasper’s resignation ONLY changes the employment status statistics pertaining to the College; i.e., we now have one more retired cardinal. The average age for the electors has also ticked up one to 73 from 72.

This is the first change, of any sort, to the demographics of the College as of June 19, 2010 when Cardinal Pujats retired. Please refer to this posting for all the demographics and a list of what has changed over the last six months.

If nothing else changes prior to that, we will lose another cardinal elector on July 7, 2010.

I am just going to update the demographics of the 108 cardinal electors to reflect yesterday’s [i.e., June 25, 2010] resignation:

Of the 108 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:

  • 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 1 is an Oriental Rites Patriarch, 87 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons
  • 18 hold curial offices. Of these 2 are cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone & Re), 5 are cardinal priests and the others cardinal deacons
    (Italy – 7, Rest of Europe – 6, U.S.A. – 1, Latin America – 2 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
  • 60 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
  • 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
  • 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
  • 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
  • 26 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formally of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
  • Average age is 73 years; 12 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 57 (soon 58)
  • 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
  • 78 (72.2%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
  • 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 9, Americas 33 (U.S.A. 12), Asia 10, Europe 55 (Italy 19), Oceania 1
    Africa 8 countries, Americas 14, Asia 7, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
    Italy 19, U.S.A 12, France 6, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2

Hope this helps. Cheers.

Anura Guruge

Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats, 79, Relinquishes Diocesan Duties. Cardinals 179, Cardinal Electors 108.

As with heads of curial dicasteries, diocesan bishops must tender their resignations to the pope upon completing their seventy-fifth year of life. This requirement for curial heads is covered in Canon 354 of the 1983 Code whereas that for diocesan bishops is embodied in Canon 401. [Just yesterday we talked about the anticipated resignation of Cardinal Re from the Congregation of Bishops since he is now 76.]

Today, i.e., June 19, 2010,  it was announced that the pope had accepted the resignation of Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats as Archbishop of Riga. Pujats, who was born on November 14, 1930, is 79 and will cases to be an elector in November. So the resignation was pending for three years. This is not unusual.

Cardinal Pujats’ resignation ONLY changes the employment status statistics pertaining to the College; i.e., we now have one more retired cardinal. The average age for the electors has also ticked up one to 73 from 72.

This is the first change, of any sort, to the demographics of the College as of May 4, 2010 when 98 year old German Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer passed away. Please refer to that posting for all the demographics and a list of what has changed over the last six months.

If nothing else changes prior to that, we will lose another cardinal elector on July 7, 2010.

I am just going to update the demographics of the 108 cardinal electors to reflect today’s resignation:

Of the 108 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:

  • 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 1 is an Oriental Rites Patriarch, 87 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons
  • 19 hold curial offices. Of these 2 are cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone & Re), 5 are cardinal priests and the others cardinal deacons
    (Italy – 7, Rest of Europe – 7, U.S.A. – 1, Latin America – 2 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
  • 60 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
  • 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
  • 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
  • 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
  • 25 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formally of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
  • Average age is 73 years; 12 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 57 (soon 58)
  • 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
  • 78 (72.2%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
  • 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 9, Americas 33 (U.S.A. 12), Asia 10, Europe 55 (Italy 19), Oceania 1
    Africa 8 countries, Americas 14, Asia 7, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
    Italy 19, U.S.A 12, France 6, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2

Hope this helps. Cheers.

Anura Guruge