Tag Archives: Giovanni Cheli

German Cardinal Priest ‘W.K’ Turns 80 But Remains An Elector. College = 207, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.

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  by Anura Guruge


On Tuesday, March 5, 2013, the 5th full day of the 2013 sede vacante, the ex-curial German Cardinal Priest ‘W.K’ turned 80. But, he remains a cardinal elector since the 80-year cut off for voting in the upcoming conclave, per the norms, was the day PRIOR to the start of the sede vacante. The sede vacante started on February 28, 2013. So the cut-off was February 27. He was under 80 on that day. Those are the rules per Universi Dominici Gregis (UDG). Yes, John Paul II, quite astutely, changed the cut-off day. It used to be the day of the conclave. Per that rule the German cardinal would not have been an elector. But, John Paul II realized that the cardinals had the power to set the start of the conclave to be 15 to 20 full days from the start of the s.v. — it was that 5 day leeway that he was concerned about. The cardinals could have pushed back the start to 16, 17 or 20 days to make sure that one of their peers made the cut. John Paul II, who never climbed down from the cross, did not anticipate that any pope would be fickle enough to resign (though his UDG and Canon Law permits it). So, he kept on thinking that a s.v. would only happen when a pope died. Though we know that the time of death can be manipulated, by and large it is difficult to mess around with a pope’s death for much more than 24 hours. So, per John Paul II’s thinking, the start of a s.v. couldn’t really be manipulated — because he didn’t take into account weak popes that would throw up their hands and say: ‘this is way to hard for poor me. I quit‘. By setting the cut-off to the day before the s.v. he wanted to minimize the possibility of cardinals manipulating the eligibility. Ironically, Benedict XVI, foiled him. It is now very obvious that Benedict timed his resignation fully aware that his fellow German would get to take part in the conclave.

Next_Pope_2011_Front_Cover_158x197_jpegEqually you have to feel sorry for poor ol’ Cardinal Husar who turned 80 on February 26 — the day before the cut-off! That too was planned. He should feel slighted and offended. If Benedict had resigned on his birthday he would still have been eligible because he would have been 79 the day before.

So we will have a 80 year old cardinal elector at this conclave.

That was always a possibility and I had discussed it in detail in my ‘The Next Pope 2011‘ book.

Yes, it is a record.
The first time an over 80 elector has participated in a conclave
since the over-80 limitation which became law in January 1971.

This is the 8th change to the College in 2013.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 207 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.

Cologne, World War II.

As of March 5, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

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The College as of February 28, 2013 is at 207.


Mar5_2013ShortStack

Click to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

March 5, 2013: German cardinal priest ‘W.K.’ turns 80 but remains an elector.
** College continues at 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 28, 2013: 92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies.
** College down to 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

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92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies. College = 207, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.

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  by Anura Guruge


On Thursday, February 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI’s last day.

This is the 5th change to the College in 2013, and the third death. It was March 9 before we saw two deaths in 2012.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 207 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.


As of February 28, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 28, 2013 is at 207.


I will update the Stats chart later. No biggie. He was a non-elector.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Feb 28, 2013: 92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies.
** College down to 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Cardinal Husar Ages Out. O’Brien Resigns. College = 208, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 91.

Cardinal Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. becomes non-elector.

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by Anura Guruge


On Tuesday, February 26, 2013,  Ukrainian Cardinal Priest Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. turned 80 and ceased to be an elector — one day ahead of the cutoff date for the 2013 conclave. He had participated in the 2005 conclave, so at least he got to savor the experience once. He was elected Archbishop Major of Lviv of the Ukrainians in January 2001. He was created a month later. He retired from diocesan duties in just ahead of his 76th birthday. He had eye troubles.

O’Brien, implicated of improper sexual behavior, resigned as Archbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh – ahead of his 75th birthday. He still remains a cardinal, though he has opted not to participate in the 2013 conclave (probably to the great relief of the younger cardinals).

This is the 6th change to the College in 2013.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 208 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.


As of February 26, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 91.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 24, 2013 is at 208.


Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

 

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

 

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **


Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.

** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies. College = 208, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 90.

Julien Ries receiving an honorary doctorate in 2010.

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by Anura Guruge


On Saturday, February 23, 2013,  92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries [dob: April 19, 1920] died. He created in February 2012, after he had turned 80, was noted historian and academic. He is the 2nd over 90 cardinal to die this month.

This is the 5th change to the College in 2013, and the third death. It was March 9 before we saw two deaths in 2012.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 208 (still quite high), with the electors at 118 — two short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura Guruge


As of February 24, 2013, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 24, 2013 is at 208.


I will update the Stats chart on Tuesday, February 26.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

 

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies. College = 209, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 91.

Italian Cardinal Giovanni Cheli.
Italian Cardinal Giovanni Cheli.

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by Anura Guruge


On Friday, February 8, 2013,  94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli [dob: Oct. 4, 1918], President Emeritus, Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants, died in Rome.

He had been a mainstay in Rome and a seasoned diplomat since the late 1940s. He was the Domestic Prelate to Paul VI (#263) in 1965. He was the first named Holy See permanent observer to the U.N., in July 1973. He became a titular archbishop in 1978. He was President of the Pontifical Council for M & I from 1989 until June 1998, when he retired aged 79 (with the nominal retirement age 75).

This is the 4th change to the College in 2013, and the second death. It was March 9 before we saw two deaths in 2012.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.
Asti, where the cardinal was born, grew up, studied and was a priest.

The College is down to 209 (still quite high), with the electors at 118 — two short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura Guruge


As of February 8, 2013, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 91.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 8, 2013 is at 209.


Feb8_2013ShortStackPlease CLICK on image to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.
** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Cardinal Priests With Pro Hac Vice Titles

by Anura Guruge

Pro hac vice basically means a one time exception. In the context of cardinals, and the College, it comes up when a deaconry or church title, but mainly the former, is assigned outside of its normal province.

Right now we have 16 cardinal priests who rather than having bona fide titles instead have pro hac vice titles to deaconries. In reality this does not in anyway diminish the standing of a cardinal priest, though I am sure that there must be some who wish their title was not that of a deaconry.

This June 26, 2010 posting, half way down, has a whole section on pro hac vice (as well as in commendam) titles. Please read it if you are not familiar with the notion of  pro hac vice titles.

Typically pro hac vice titles come into play when a cardinal deacon, with 10 years tenure, seeks promotion to the order of cardinal priests per the current jus optionis rules. 14 of the current 16 instances of pro hac vice falls into this, easy to appreciate, category. Rather than having to find a title, the pope can just promote them in place. But, in two instances, John Paul II (#265) created cardinal priests with pro hac vicepro hac vice situation.] deaconries. There probably was a shortage of titles — as is somewhat the case now. [Hence, why I went and studied the

Sixtus V (#228), the IRON POPE, who did much to reform the College of Cardinals, had specified, categorically, in 1587, that deconaries and titles be kept separate with no cross-over appointments. Thus, as I mention in my June 26, 2010 posting (above) pro hac vice appointments contradict the Sixtus V intentions. I wasn’t sure whether it was John Paul II, who created the most number of cardinals in history, that came up with pro hac vice to help get around shortages of titles. But, I did a very quick search and found that Paul VI (#263) had created at least one pro hac vice cardinal priest, viz. Czechoslovakian Stepán Tróchta. This was, however, a somewhat special situation. Tróchta was created a cardinal priest in pectore in April 1969 — the secrecy most likely to do with issues with communist leaders. His name was not published until April 1973 — at which point he was said to have a pro hac vice title.

So here is the current list. Please CLICK on it to enlarge it. Thanks.

Pro hac vice titles in current use by Anura Guruge
Pro hac vice titles in current use by Anura Guruge