Tag Archives: Holy Roman Church

German Cardinal Priest ‘W.K’ Turns 80 But Remains An Elector. College = 207, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.

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  by Anura Guruge


On Tuesday, March 5, 2013, the 5th full day of the 2013 sede vacante, the ex-curial German Cardinal Priest ‘W.K’ turned 80. But, he remains a cardinal elector since the 80-year cut off for voting in the upcoming conclave, per the norms, was the day PRIOR to the start of the sede vacante. The sede vacante started on February 28, 2013. So the cut-off was February 27. He was under 80 on that day. Those are the rules per Universi Dominici Gregis (UDG). Yes, John Paul II, quite astutely, changed the cut-off day. It used to be the day of the conclave. Per that rule the German cardinal would not have been an elector. But, John Paul II realized that the cardinals had the power to set the start of the conclave to be 15 to 20 full days from the start of the s.v. — it was that 5 day leeway that he was concerned about. The cardinals could have pushed back the start to 16, 17 or 20 days to make sure that one of their peers made the cut. John Paul II, who never climbed down from the cross, did not anticipate that any pope would be fickle enough to resign (though his UDG and Canon Law permits it). So, he kept on thinking that a s.v. would only happen when a pope died. Though we know that the time of death can be manipulated, by and large it is difficult to mess around with a pope’s death for much more than 24 hours. So, per John Paul II’s thinking, the start of a s.v. couldn’t really be manipulated — because he didn’t take into account weak popes that would throw up their hands and say: ‘this is way to hard for poor me. I quit‘. By setting the cut-off to the day before the s.v. he wanted to minimize the possibility of cardinals manipulating the eligibility. Ironically, Benedict XVI, foiled him. It is now very obvious that Benedict timed his resignation fully aware that his fellow German would get to take part in the conclave.

Next_Pope_2011_Front_Cover_158x197_jpegEqually you have to feel sorry for poor ol’ Cardinal Husar who turned 80 on February 26 — the day before the cut-off! That too was planned. He should feel slighted and offended. If Benedict had resigned on his birthday he would still have been eligible because he would have been 79 the day before.

So we will have a 80 year old cardinal elector at this conclave.

That was always a possibility and I had discussed it in detail in my ‘The Next Pope 2011‘ book.

Yes, it is a record.
The first time an over 80 elector has participated in a conclave
since the over-80 limitation which became law in January 1971.

This is the 8th change to the College in 2013.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 207 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.

Cologne, World War II.

As of March 5, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 28, 2013 is at 207.


Mar5_2013ShortStack

Click to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

March 5, 2013: German cardinal priest ‘W.K.’ turns 80 but remains an elector.
** College continues at 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 28, 2013: 92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies.
** College down to 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies. College = 207, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.

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  by Anura Guruge


On Thursday, February 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI’s last day.

This is the 5th change to the College in 2013, and the third death. It was March 9 before we saw two deaths in 2012.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 207 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.


As of February 28, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 28, 2013 is at 207.


I will update the Stats chart later. No biggie. He was a non-elector.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Feb 28, 2013: 92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies.
** College down to 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Cardinal Husar Ages Out. O’Brien Resigns. College = 208, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 91.

Cardinal Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. becomes non-elector.

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by Anura Guruge


On Tuesday, February 26, 2013,  Ukrainian Cardinal Priest Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. turned 80 and ceased to be an elector — one day ahead of the cutoff date for the 2013 conclave. He had participated in the 2005 conclave, so at least he got to savor the experience once. He was elected Archbishop Major of Lviv of the Ukrainians in January 2001. He was created a month later. He retired from diocesan duties in just ahead of his 76th birthday. He had eye troubles.

O’Brien, implicated of improper sexual behavior, resigned as Archbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh – ahead of his 75th birthday. He still remains a cardinal, though he has opted not to participate in the 2013 conclave (probably to the great relief of the younger cardinals).

This is the 6th change to the College in 2013.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 208 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.


As of February 26, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 91.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 24, 2013 is at 208.


Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

 

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

 

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **


Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.

** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies. College = 208, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 90.

Julien Ries receiving an honorary doctorate in 2010.

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by Anura Guruge


On Saturday, February 23, 2013,  92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries [dob: April 19, 1920] died. He created in February 2012, after he had turned 80, was noted historian and academic. He is the 2nd over 90 cardinal to die this month.

This is the 5th change to the College in 2013, and the third death. It was March 9 before we saw two deaths in 2012.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 208 (still quite high), with the electors at 118 — two short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura Guruge


As of February 24, 2013, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 24, 2013 is at 208.


I will update the Stats chart on Tuesday, February 26.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

 

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies. College = 209, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 91.

Italian Cardinal Giovanni Cheli.
Italian Cardinal Giovanni Cheli.

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by Anura Guruge


On Friday, February 8, 2013,  94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli [dob: Oct. 4, 1918], President Emeritus, Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants, died in Rome.

He had been a mainstay in Rome and a seasoned diplomat since the late 1940s. He was the Domestic Prelate to Paul VI (#263) in 1965. He was the first named Holy See permanent observer to the U.N., in July 1973. He became a titular archbishop in 1978. He was President of the Pontifical Council for M & I from 1989 until June 1998, when he retired aged 79 (with the nominal retirement age 75).

This is the 4th change to the College in 2013, and the second death. It was March 9 before we saw two deaths in 2012.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.
Asti, where the cardinal was born, grew up, studied and was a priest.

The College is down to 209 (still quite high), with the electors at 118 — two short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura Guruge


As of February 8, 2013, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 91.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 8, 2013 is at 209.


Feb8_2013ShortStackPlease CLICK on image to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.
** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80. College = 210, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 92.

Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán now 80, and a non-elector.
Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán now 80, and a non-elector.

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by Anura Guruge


On Saturday, January 26, 2013,  Mexican Cardinal Deacon Javier Lozano Barragán turned 80 and thus ceased to be a cardinal elector.

He was the President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of the Health Care Workers from October 1996 to April 2009 (getting reappointed after the 2005 sede vacante), retiring at 76 one year past the nominal 75-year limit. He was created a cardinal deacon in October 2003.

This is the 3rd change to the College in 2013, and the first aging out. There has now been one of each: aging out, retirement and death. 2013 changes are at the same pace as last year, for now.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.
Pastoral care worker, the cardinal’s constituents. From the L.A. Times (with thanks).

The College is down to 210 (still quite high), with the electors at 118 — two short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura Guruge


As of January 26, 2013, Electors = 118, Non-Electors = 92.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of January 23, 2013 is at 210.


Jan26_2013ShortStackPlease CLICK on image to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies;
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires;
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies. College = 210, Electors = 119, Non-Electors = 91.

Polish Cardinal Józef Glemp, R.I.P.
Polish Cardinal Józef Glemp, R.I.P.

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by Anura Guruge


During the night of Wednesday, January 23, 2013,  83-year old, Ex-Archbishop of Warsaw and former Primate of Poland, Józef Glemp dob: Dec. 18, 1929] died of lung cancer at a hospital in Warsaw.

He was created a cardinal priest in February 1983 and appointed Archbishop of Warsaw and Primate of Poland on March 25, 1992. He retired from the archbishopric in December 2006 days prior to his 77th birthday. He was Primate until he turned 80 in 2009.

This is the 2nd change to the College in 2013, and the first death. The first death in 2012 was on February 1. By this time last year, there had been three changes.

Jan232013changes
Click to ENLARGE.
Royal Castle Square, Warsaw, Poland.

The College is down to 2010 (still quite high), with the electors at 119 — one short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura Guruge


As of January 23, 2013, Electors = 119, Non-Electors = 91.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of January 23, 2013 is at 210.


Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

Please CLICK on image to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies;
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires;
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Cardinal Patriarch Emmanuel III Delly Retires As Head Of Chalden Church; College Continues At 211. Electors Stay At 119. Non-Electors 92.

85 year old Emmanuel III Delly retires
85 year old Emmanuel III Delly retires

Anura Guruge, laughing, picture November 16, 2011.


by Anura Guruge.

On Wednesday, December 19, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI (#266) accepted the resignation [i.e., permitted retirement] of Iraqi Cardinal Patriarch, Emmanuel III Delly [dob: Sept. 27, 1927] as the head of the Chaldean Church. Western archbishops, per Canon Law 401 of the 1983 Code, need to submit their resignation when they turn 75. The criteria are different for Oriental Rites patriarchs such as Sfeir. There is a separate set of Canons for the Eastern Churches — the 1990 Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches (CCEO). Canon 126 of CCEO, viz. ‘ Canon 126 – §1. The patriarchal see becomes vacant at the death or resignation of the patriarch. §2. The synod of bishops of the patriarchal Church is competent to accept the resignation of the patriarch, having consulted with the Roman Pontiff, unless the patriarch approaches the Roman Pontiff directly.’ covers this aspect. Note, that in major contrast to the Western Code there is no age limit specified for the Oriental Patriarchs. In February 26, 2011, Cardinal Patriarch Nasrallah Pierre Sfeir, then 90, retired as the Patriarch of Antiochia of the Maronites. This is the first Oriental Patriarch to retire as of then.

Delly was ordained in 1952, and became a titular bishop in 1962. We was elected patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans on December 3, 2003. It was then that he assumed the name ‘Emmanuel III‘. He was created a Cardinal Patriarch in November 2007, a few weeks after his 80th birthday. So he has never been an elector.

Today’s retirement comes 11 days after the last change to the College, the aging out of Brazilian Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I. It is the 32nd change to the College this year. At this time last year there had been 35 changes. This retirement does not change the size of the College or the number of electors.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College continues at 211 (still quite high), with the electors at 119 — one short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura GurugeAs of December 19, 2012, there are 119 cardinal electors with 92 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

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The College as of November 24, 2012 is at 211.


Dec19_2012ShortStackPlease CLICK on image to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Dec. 19, 2012: 85-year Old Cardinal Patriarch Emmanuel III Delly Retires;
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

Dec. 8, 2012Brazilian Cardinal Priest Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I. Turns 80;
** College continues at 211, electors down to 119 **

Nov. 24, 2012: 6 new Cardinal Electors created;
** College at 211, electors at 120 **

Nov. 23, 2012: Italian Cardinal Deacon Renato Raffaele Martino Turns 80;
** College continues at 205, electors down to 114 **

Nov. 1, 2012: Nigerian Cardinal Bishop Francis Arinze Turns 80;
** College continues at 205, electors down to 115 **

Sept. 21, 2012: 77 Year Old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli Dies;
** College down to 205, electors down to 116 **

Sept. 13, 2012: Colombian Cardinal Priest Pedro Rubiano Sáenz Turns 80;
** College continues at 206, electors down to 117 **

August 31, 2012: 85-Year Old, Italian Cardinal Priest Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., Dies;
** College down to 206, electors continue at 118 **

August 24, 2012: English Cardinal Priest Cormac Murphy-O’Connor Turns 80;
** College continues at 207, electors down to 118 **

August 22, 2012: Taiwan Cardinal Priest Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J. dies At 88;
** College down to 207, electors continue at 119 **

August 10, 2012Filipino Cardinal Priest Gaudencio Borbon Rosales turns 80;
** College continues at 208, electors down to 119 **

July 26, 2012: U.S. Cardinal Priest James Francis Stafford turns 80;
** College continues at 208, electors down to 120 **

July 9, 2012: 91-Year old Brazilian Cardinal Priest Eugênio de Araújo Sales dies;
** College down to 208, electors continue at 121 **

July 2, 2012: 76-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest William Joseph Levada Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 121 **

June 26, 2012: 75-Year old Italian Cardinal Priest Ennio Antonelli Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 121 **

June 13, 2012: 80-Year old Swiss Cardinal Priest Henri Schwery ceases to be elector;
** College continues at 209, electors down to 121 **

June 9, 2012: 78-Year Italian Cardinal Deacon Raffaele Farina, S.D.B. Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 122 **

June 5, 2012: 80-Year Guatemalan Cardinal Priest Rodolfo Quezada Toruño Dies;
** College down to 209, electors continue at 122 ***

May 25, 2012: 75- year old Nigerian, Cardinal Priest Anthony Olubunmi Okogie Retires;
** College continues at 210, electors continue at 122 ***

May 17, 2012: 80- year old Czech Cardinal Priest Miloslav Vlk ceases to be elector;
** College continues at 210, electors down to 122 ***

May 10, 2012: 80-year old South Korean, Cardinal Priest Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk Retires; ** College continues at 210, electors continue at 123 ***

April 10, 2012: 89-year old Puerto Rican, Cardinal Priest Luis Aponte Martínez Dies;
** College down to 210, electors continue at 123 **

April 7, 2012: 81-year old Syrian Oriental Rites Patriarch, Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud Dies; ** College down to 211, electors continue at 123 **

April 5, 2012: 75-Year Old Canadian Cardinal Priest Jean-Claude Turcotte Retired on March 20, 2012; ** College continues at 212, electors continue at 123 **

April 2, 2012: 80-Year old U.S. Cardinal Edward Michael Egan ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 212, electors down to 123 **

March 9, 2012: 91-Year Old Philippines Cardinal José Tomás Sánchez Dies.
** College down to 212, electors continue at 124 **

March 8, 2012: 80-Year old Guatemalan Cardinal Rodolfo Quezada Toruño ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 213, electors down to 124 **

February 18, 2012: 22 cardinals, 18 electors and 4 non-electors created.
** College at an all time high of 213, electors bumped up to 125, 5 above the limit **

February 1, 2012: 88-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua Dies.
** College down to 192, electors continue at 107 **

January 13, 2012: 80-Year old Chinese Cardinal Priest Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 107 **

January 6, 2012: 80-Year old Portuguese Cardinal Bishop José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 108 **

January 5, 2012: 76-Year old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli retires as Major Penitentiary.
** College continues at 192, electors continue at 109 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Brazilian Cardinal Priest Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I., Turns 80; Becomes Non-Elector; College Continues At 211. Electors Down To 119. Non-Electors 92.

Anura Guruge, laughing, picture November 16, 2011.

Brazilian Cardinal Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I., now a non-elector.
Brazilian Cardinal Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I., now a non-elector.


by Anura Guruge.

On Saturday, December 8, 2012, 14 days after the last cardinal creating consistory which topped up the electors to the max. of 120, Brazilian Cardinal Priest, Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I., turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. So the electors are again below 120; probably the fastest this has happened after a cardinal creating consistory. [I need to check.]

He is the 13th cardinal to age out this year. We only had a total of 10 age outs last year.

Today’s aging out was the first change to the College since the cardinal creating consistory of November 24, 2012.

This is the 31st change to the College this year. However, we are two changes down from this time last year. In 2012 the changes came in at an average of 11.3 days between changes. In 2011 this average was ’10’; i.e., 1.3 days faster.

Scheid became the Archbishop of Florianópolis, Brazil, in January 1991. He was transferred to the prestigious see of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in July 2001. He was created a cardinal priest in October 2003. He retired as Archbishop on February 27, 2009, aged 76 — the nominal retirement age being 75.

Carnival in Rio. I am sorry but I can’t confirm the rumor that Scheid was on that float as a dancer.
Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College continues at 211 (still quite high), with the electors at 119 — one short of the magic ‘120’ mark.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura GurugeAs of December 8, 2012, there are 119 cardinal electors with 92 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of November 24, 2012 is at 211.


Dec8_2012ShortStackPlease CLICK on image to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Dec. 8, 2012: Brazilian Cardinal Priest Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I. Turns 80;
** College continues at 211, electors down to 119 **

Nov. 24, 2012: 6 new Cardinal Electors created;
** College at 211, electors at 120 **

Nov. 23, 2012: Italian Cardinal Deacon Renato Raffaele Martino Turns 80;
** College continues at 205, electors down to 114 **

Nov. 1, 2012: Nigerian Cardinal Bishop Francis Arinze Turns 80;
** College continues at 205, electors down to 115 **

Sept. 21, 2012: 77 Year Old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli Dies;
** College down to 205, electors down to 116 **

Sept. 13, 2012: Colombian Cardinal Priest Pedro Rubiano Sáenz Turns 80;
** College continues at 206, electors down to 117 **

August 31, 2012: 85-Year Old, Italian Cardinal Priest Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., Dies;
** College down to 206, electors continue at 118 **

August 24, 2012: English Cardinal Priest Cormac Murphy-O’Connor Turns 80;
** College continues at 207, electors down to 118 **

August 22, 2012: Taiwan Cardinal Priest Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J. dies At 88;
** College down to 207, electors continue at 119 **

August 10, 2012Filipino Cardinal Priest Gaudencio Borbon Rosales turns 80;
** College continues at 208, electors down to 119 **

July 26, 2012: U.S. Cardinal Priest James Francis Stafford turns 80;
** College continues at 208, electors down to 120 **

July 9, 2012: 91-Year old Brazilian Cardinal Priest Eugênio de Araújo Sales dies;
** College down to 208, electors continue at 121 **

July 2, 2012: 76-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest William Joseph Levada Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 121 **

June 26, 2012: 75-Year old Italian Cardinal Priest Ennio Antonelli Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 121 **

June 13, 2012: 80-Year old Swiss Cardinal Priest Henri Schwery ceases to be elector;
** College continues at 209, electors down to 121 **

June 9, 2012: 78-Year Italian Cardinal Deacon Raffaele Farina, S.D.B. Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 122 **

June 5, 2012: 80-Year Guatemalan Cardinal Priest Rodolfo Quezada Toruño Dies;
** College down to 209, electors continue at 122 ***

May 25, 2012: 75- year old Nigerian, Cardinal Priest Anthony Olubunmi Okogie Retires;
** College continues at 210, electors continue at 122 ***

May 17, 2012: 80- year old Czech Cardinal Priest Miloslav Vlk ceases to be elector;
** College continues at 210, electors down to 122 ***

May 10, 2012: 80-year old South Korean, Cardinal Priest Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk Retires; ** College continues at 210, electors continue at 123 ***

April 10, 2012: 89-year old Puerto Rican, Cardinal Priest Luis Aponte Martínez Dies;
** College down to 210, electors continue at 123 **

April 7, 2012: 81-year old Syrian Oriental Rites Patriarch, Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud Dies; ** College down to 211, electors continue at 123 **

April 5, 2012: 75-Year Old Canadian Cardinal Priest Jean-Claude Turcotte Retired on March 20, 2012; ** College continues at 212, electors continue at 123 **

April 2, 2012: 80-Year old U.S. Cardinal Edward Michael Egan ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 212, electors down to 123 **

March 9, 2012: 91-Year Old Philippines Cardinal José Tomás Sánchez Dies.
** College down to 212, electors continue at 124 **

March 8, 2012: 80-Year old Guatemalan Cardinal Rodolfo Quezada Toruño ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 213, electors down to 124 **

February 18, 2012: 22 cardinals, 18 electors and 4 non-electors created.
** College at an all time high of 213, electors bumped up to 125, 5 above the limit **

February 1, 2012: 88-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua Dies.
** College down to 192, electors continue at 107 **

January 13, 2012: 80-Year old Chinese Cardinal Priest Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 107 **

January 6, 2012: 80-Year old Portuguese Cardinal Bishop José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 108 **

January 5, 2012: 76-Year old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli retires as Major Penitentiary.
** College continues at 192, electors continue at 109 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

Post November 24, 2012 Cardinal Creating Consistory; College At 211. Electors At 120. Non-Electors 91.

by Anura GurugeAnura Guruge, laughing, picture November 16, 2011..

On Saturday, November 24, 2012, the day before the Feast of Christ the King, Pope Benedict XVI (#266), in his 5th cardinal creating consistory (the second on November 24), created 6 new cardinals; all under the age of 80.

The 6 new cardinals were: James Michael Harvey (U.S.A), Béchara Boutros Raï, O.M.M. (Lebanon), Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal (India), John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan (Nigeria), Rubén Salazar Gómez (Colombia) & Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle (Philippines).

Click here for all their details.

Two assumptions until mid-Saturday:
1/ Assumed that James Harvey will be created a Cardinal Deacon.
2/ No other changes to the existing College prior to or during consistory.

The electors will be at their full legal complement of 120 for 14 days when the next cardinal will turn 80 reducing the number down to 119.

The 211 size of the College, though large, is not a record. Following the prior cardinal creating consistory in February 2012 the College was up to 213, the all time high water mark.

Click to ENLARGE.

The College is at 211, with the electors at 120 — the full legal complement.

The Next Pope 2011 book by Anura GurugeAs of November 24, 2012, there are 120 cardinal electors with 91 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of November 24, 2012 is at 211.


Please CLICK on image to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

Nov. 24, 2012: 6 new Cardinal Electors created;
** College at 211, electors at 120 **

Nov. 23, 2012: Italian Cardinal Deacon Renato Raffaele Martino Turns 80;
** College continues at 205, electors down to 114 **

Nov. 1, 2012: Nigerian Cardinal Bishop Francis Arinze Turns 80;
** College continues at 205, electors down to 115 **

Sept. 21, 2012: 77 Year Old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli Dies;
** College down to 205, electors down to 116 **

Sept. 13, 2012: Colombian Cardinal Priest Pedro Rubiano Sáenz Turns 80;
** College continues at 206, electors down to 117 **

August 31, 2012: 85-Year Old, Italian Cardinal Priest Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., Dies;
** College down to 206, electors continue at 118 **

August 24, 2012: English Cardinal Priest Cormac Murphy-O’Connor Turns 80;
** College continues at 207, electors down to 118 **

August 22, 2012: Taiwan Cardinal Priest Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J. dies At 88;
** College down to 207, electors continue at 119 **

August 10, 2012Filipino Cardinal Priest Gaudencio Borbon Rosales turns 80;
** College continues at 208, electors down to 119 **

July 26, 2012: U.S. Cardinal Priest James Francis Stafford turns 80;
** College continues at 208, electors down to 120 **

July 9, 2012: 91-Year old Brazilian Cardinal Priest Eugênio de Araújo Sales dies;
** College down to 208, electors continue at 121 **

July 2, 2012: 76-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest William Joseph Levada Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 121 **

June 26, 2012: 75-Year old Italian Cardinal Priest Ennio Antonelli Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 121 **

June 13, 2012: 80-Year old Swiss Cardinal Priest Henri Schwery ceases to be elector;
** College continues at 209, electors down to 121 **

June 9, 2012: 78-Year Italian Cardinal Deacon Raffaele Farina, S.D.B. Retires;
** College continues at 209, electors continue at 122 **

June 5, 2012: 80-Year Guatemalan Cardinal Priest Rodolfo Quezada Toruño Dies;
** College down to 209, electors continue at 122 ***

May 25, 2012: 75- year old Nigerian, Cardinal Priest Anthony Olubunmi Okogie Retires;
** College continues at 210, electors continue at 122 ***

May 17, 2012: 80- year old Czech Cardinal Priest Miloslav Vlk ceases to be elector;
** College continues at 210, electors down to 122 ***

May 10, 2012: 80-year old South Korean, Cardinal Priest Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk Retires; ** College continues at 210, electors continue at 123 ***

April 10, 2012: 89-year old Puerto Rican, Cardinal Priest Luis Aponte Martínez Dies;
** College down to 210, electors continue at 123 **

April 7, 2012: 81-year old Syrian Oriental Rites Patriarch, Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud Dies; ** College down to 211, electors continue at 123 **

April 5, 2012: 75-Year Old Canadian Cardinal Priest Jean-Claude Turcotte Retired on March 20, 2012; ** College continues at 212, electors continue at 123 **

April 2, 2012: 80-Year old U.S. Cardinal Edward Michael Egan ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 212, electors down to 123 **

March 9, 2012: 91-Year Old Philippines Cardinal José Tomás Sánchez Dies.
** College down to 212, electors continue at 124 **

March 8, 2012: 80-Year old Guatemalan Cardinal Rodolfo Quezada Toruño ceases to be elector.
** College continues at 213, electors down to 124 **

February 18, 2012: 22 cardinals, 18 electors and 4 non-electors created.
** College at an all time high of 213, electors bumped up to 125, 5 above the limit **

February 1, 2012: 88-Year old U.S. Cardinal Priest Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua Dies.
** College down to 192, electors continue at 107 **

January 13, 2012: 80-Year old Chinese Cardinal Priest Joseph Zen Ze-Kiun, S.D.B. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 107 **

January 6, 2012: 80-Year old Portuguese Cardinal Bishop José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F. ceased to be a cardinal elector.
** College continues at 192, electors down to 108 **

January 5, 2012: 76-Year old Italian Cardinal Deacon Fortunato Baldelli retires as Major Penitentiary.
** College continues at 192, electors continue at 109 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.