Tag Archives: Walter Kasper

German Cardinal Priest ‘W.K’ Turns 80 But Remains An Elector. College = 207, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.

…..
……
.

  by Anura Guruge


On Tuesday, March 5, 2013, the 5th full day of the 2013 sede vacante, the ex-curial German Cardinal Priest ‘W.K’ turned 80. But, he remains a cardinal elector since the 80-year cut off for voting in the upcoming conclave, per the norms, was the day PRIOR to the start of the sede vacante. The sede vacante started on February 28, 2013. So the cut-off was February 27. He was under 80 on that day. Those are the rules per Universi Dominici Gregis (UDG). Yes, John Paul II, quite astutely, changed the cut-off day. It used to be the day of the conclave. Per that rule the German cardinal would not have been an elector. But, John Paul II realized that the cardinals had the power to set the start of the conclave to be 15 to 20 full days from the start of the s.v. — it was that 5 day leeway that he was concerned about. The cardinals could have pushed back the start to 16, 17 or 20 days to make sure that one of their peers made the cut. John Paul II, who never climbed down from the cross, did not anticipate that any pope would be fickle enough to resign (though his UDG and Canon Law permits it). So, he kept on thinking that a s.v. would only happen when a pope died. Though we know that the time of death can be manipulated, by and large it is difficult to mess around with a pope’s death for much more than 24 hours. So, per John Paul II’s thinking, the start of a s.v. couldn’t really be manipulated — because he didn’t take into account weak popes that would throw up their hands and say: ‘this is way to hard for poor me. I quit‘. By setting the cut-off to the day before the s.v. he wanted to minimize the possibility of cardinals manipulating the eligibility. Ironically, Benedict XVI, foiled him. It is now very obvious that Benedict timed his resignation fully aware that his fellow German would get to take part in the conclave.

Next_Pope_2011_Front_Cover_158x197_jpegEqually you have to feel sorry for poor ol’ Cardinal Husar who turned 80 on February 26 — the day before the cut-off! That too was planned. He should feel slighted and offended. If Benedict had resigned on his birthday he would still have been eligible because he would have been 79 the day before.

So we will have a 80 year old cardinal elector at this conclave.

That was always a possibility and I had discussed it in detail in my ‘The Next Pope 2011‘ book.

Yes, it is a record.
The first time an over 80 elector has participated in a conclave
since the over-80 limitation which became law in January 1971.

This is the 8th change to the College in 2013.

Click to ENLARGE.
Click to ENLARGE.

The College is down to 207 (still quite high), with the electors at 117.

Cologne, World War II.

As of March 5, 2013, Electors = 117, Non-Electors = 90.
[The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]

**********
The College as of February 28, 2013 is at 207.


Mar5_2013ShortStack

Click to ENLARGE.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

March 5, 2013: German cardinal priest ‘W.K.’ turns 80 but remains an elector.
** College continues at 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 28, 2013: 92-Year Old French Cardinal Priest Jean Honoré Dies.
** College down to 207, electors continue at 117 **

Feb 26, 2013: Husar ages out. O’Brien retires.
** College at 208, electors down to 117 **

Feb 23, 2013: 92-Year Old Belgian Cardinal Deacon Julien Ries Dies.
** College down to 208, electors continue at 118 **


Feb 8, 2013: 94-Year Old Italian Cardinal Priest Giovanni Cheli Dies.

** College down to 209, electors continue at 118 **

Jan 26, 2013: Mexican Cardinal Deacon Cardinal Javier Lozano Barragán Turns 80.
** College at 210, electors down to 118 **

Jan 23, 2013: 83 Year Old Polish Cardinal Priest Józef Glemp Dies.
** College down to 210, electors continue at 119 **

Jan. 17, 2013: 77 Year Old Egyptian Cardinal Patriarch Antonios Naguib Retires.
** College continues at 211, electors continue at 119 **

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2012 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2012. Click image for post.

>> 78-year old Italian Francesco Monterisi also became emeritus, with no announcement, in December 2012.

 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2011 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Changes to the College in 2011. Click image for post.

◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊ 2010 ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊

Refer to this post for changes in 2010 and 2009.

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90 Year Old Spanish Cardinal Urbano Navarrete Cortés, S.J., Dies; College at 202, 121 Electors, 81 Non-Electors

by: Anura Guruge

Where possible these updates done per Rome time
[i.e., 6 hours ahead of US East Coast time]

Click here for a 6 page Adobe Acrobat PDF
[< 200KB] of the latest College of Cardinals Statistics — In Detail

Non-bishop, Spanish Jesuit Cardinal Urbano Navarrete Cortés dies at 90.

Two days after the November 20, 2010 consistory at which 24 new cardinals were created, 90 year old Spanish Cardinal Deacon Urbano Navarrete Cortés, S.J. [dob: May 25, 1920], died in Rome. He, a noted canonist and author, was created a cardinal in 2007, when he was 87. He was not a bishop and sought an exemption from the pope to not be consecrated as one. He was thus one of the 4 non-bishop cardinals. It was also a Jesuit.

The College is now at 202. Still a high, the prior high, also during the reign of this pope, having been on November 24, 2007 — following the previous cardinal creating consistory. The College is growing, due to the number of cardinals turning 80, much faster than the number of electors being added. Between 2005, when this pope was elected, and this consistory, the number of electors have gone up by 4 while College has increased by 20! Please read this << post >>.

We are still at 121 electors — 1 more than the specified 120 maximum. This is a problem. The next cardinal to turn 80 is Cardinal Panafieu on January 26, 2011. That is 65 days hence. If there were to be a conclave prior to January 26, 2011 we will have a problem. Though John Paul II (#265) also exceeded the 120 limit, twice, there are no provisions for catering for more than 120! If there was to be a pope elected when there was more than 120 electors, his election would not be constitutional — though papal tradition being what it is, this irregularity will be overlooked and never mentioned! Please read this << post >>.

We have had two changes to the composition of the College within 2 days: Nov. 20 when 24 new cardinals were created, and now with the death of a non-elector cardinal.


As of November 22, 2010, there will be 121 cardinal electors (one over the limit) with 81 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 60% of cardinals.]

**********
The College, as of November 20, 2010, will be at 202, the largest number, ever.


College of Cardinal Stats, Part I, by Anura Guruge.
College of Cardinal Stats, Part I, by Anura Guruge. Click to ENLARGE.
College of Cardinal Stats, Part II, by Anura Guruge.
College of Cardinal Stats, Part II, by Anura Guruge. Click to ENLARGE.

We have now lost a total of 5 cardinals, through demise, since the beginning of 2010. We lost three electors during the month of March 2010, and nine since the beginning of 2010. *********

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

90 year old Spanish Cardinal Urbano Navarrete Cortés, S.J., dies. ** The College now at 202, electors = 121 **

November 20, 2010: Cardinal creating consistory at which 24 cardinals, 20 electors were created. ** The College now at 203, electors = 121 **

November 14, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Priest Jānis Pujats turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 101 **

October 15, 2010: Philippines Cardinal Priest Ricardo Jamin Vidal retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 102 **

October 15, 2010: Cameroon Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon Turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 102 **

October 11, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

October 7, 2010: Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. and German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes retire. But are still electors. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 103 (no change) **

October 2, 2010: Guatemalan Cardinal Priset Rodolfo Quezada Toruño retires but is still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

September 26, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 **

September 18, 2010: Syrian, Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 104 **

September 6, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Salvatore De Giorgi turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 105 **

August 30, 2010: French Cardinal Priest Paul Poupard turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College is still at 179; electors= 106 **

July 8, 2010: Colombian Cardinal Pedro Rubiano Sáenz retires as Archbishop of Bogotá. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 7, 2010: U.S. Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, on turning 80, ceased to be an elector. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 1, 2010: German Cardinal Walter Kasper, retires as the President, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 30, 2010: Italian Cardinal Bishop Giovanni Battista Re, retires as the Prefect, Congregation for Bishops and is replaced by Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, my #3 papabili from 2009. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 28, 2010: Indonesian Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, retires as the Archbishop of Jakarta. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 19, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats, retires as the Archbishop of Riga. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

May 4, 2010: Italian Cardinal Luigi Poggi , at one time the archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, died at the age of 92. ** The College now = 179; electors = 108 **

April 30, 2010: German Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer, a Benedictine, died at the age of 98, twenty three days prior to turning 99. ** The College then = 180 **

April 16, 2010: Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, a Jesuit, died at the age of 90. ** The College then = 181 **

March 31, 2010: Spanish Cardinal Julián Herranz Casado, Opus Dei, on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 108 electors. Julián Herranz Casado (b. March 31, 1930) of Spain, the retired President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and President of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. Spain has 10 cardinals, but only half of them are now eligible to vote. That still gives them a slight edge in terms of real representation. With 5 out of the 108 electors, Spain would a 4.6% representation if there were to be a conclave anytime soon. However, in terms of the world population of Catholics, Spain only has about 3.9%. So they can’t really complain, even though they probably will. Brazil with 3 times more Catholics has one less elector. Mexico with nearly twice more also only has 4 electors. The electors within the College does not reflect the population distribution of the Catholics. The U.S. and Europe gets preferential representation. This needs to be fixed at some point. <<q.v. Pages 7 to 11 of ‘The Next Pope’ book (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 20, 2010: NZ Cardinal Thomas Stafford on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 109 electors. NZ no longer has a vote if there was to be a conclave. ‘Oceania,’ [i.e., the Pacific basin] now only has one elector, viz. Australian Cardinal George Pell (b. 1941) who was created a cardinal in 2005. It is just like the ‘old days.’ The October 1958 conclave that elected John XXIII (#262) was the first conclave attended by a cardinal from Oceania, Australia’s Norman Thomas Gilroy. <<q.v. Pages 116 & 261 of ‘The Next Pope’ (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 18, 2010: US Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 110 electors. ** College then = 182 **

February 13, 2010: Cardinal Miloslav Vlk retired from being an Archbishop — but is still a bona fide elector. His resignation is per Code of Canon Law 401 § 1 requiring that diocesan bishops tender their resignation to the pope when they have completed their 75th year. ** College then = 182 **

January 27, 2010: Cardinal Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic on turning 80 became a non-elector. Canada has a total of 3 cardinals, two of whom are still electors; one of them, Cardinal Marc Ouellet a credible papabile. ** College then = 182 **

January 18, 2010: 76 year old Belgium Cardinal Godfried Danneels retired from being the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels. This did not alter the elector/non-elector numbers or the size of the College. Just changes the statistics as to the ‘occupations’ of the cardinals. ** College then = 182 **

January 10, 2010: Cardinal Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra, of Madagascar, Archbishop Emeritus of Antananarivo, died unexpectedly having had a fall while taking a walk. He had turned 84 last August.
** College then = 182 **

December 31, 2009: Cardinal Cahal Brendan Daly, of Ireland, Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh, died late in the day on Decmeber 31, 2009. He had turned 92 in October. ** College then = 183 **

December 30, 2009: Japanese Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, who had turned 81 this past June, died unexpectedly, in Tokyo. ** College then = 184 **

December 18, 2009: Cardinal Józef Glemp of Poland, created a cardinal by his compatriot in 1983, turned 80. He thus ceased to be an elector. That reduced the number of electors. ** College then = 185 **

November 17, 2009: Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, at 79, retired as the Archbishop of Douala. ** College then = 185 **

The Rationale for these Demographics

Following my “Next Pope — Papabili List for 2009,” I had some questions as to the amount of sway the curial cardinals would have at the next conclave. So I did some analysis on the composition of the current College beyond just age and nationalities. This is an ongoing effort to keep the data that I found up to-date. I also used these stats when writing my ‘The Next Pope – After Pope Benedict XVIbook.

Hope this helps. All the best.

Anura

November 20, 2010 Cardinal Creating Conistory: College at 203, 121 Electors & 82 Non-Electors

by: Anura Guruge

Where possible these updates done per Rome time
[i.e., 6 hours ahead of US East Coast time]

Click here for a 6 page Adobe Acrobat PDF
[< 200KB] of the latest College of Cardinals Statistics — In Detail

On November 20, 2010 Pope Benedict XVI (#266) holds a cardinal creating consistory at which he will create 24 cardinals, 20 electors & 4 non-electors. This is this pope’s third cardinal-creating consistory.

1/ For all the details on this consistory (as well as the pope’s prior two consistories). click << here >>.
2/ For the list and analysis of the 24 cardinals being created on November 20, 2010. click << here >>.
3/ Titles and deaconries assigned at the November 20, 2010 consistory. click << here >>.
4/ Titles, Deaconries & Vacancies Post November 20, 2010 consistory. click << here >>

Following the consistory the College will be at an all time high of 203. The prior high, also during the reign of this pope, was on November 24, 2007 — following the previous cardinal creating consistory. The College is growing, due to the number of cardinals turning 80, much faster than the number of electors being added. Between 2005, when this pope was elected, and this consistory, the number of electors have gone up by 4 while College has increased by 20! Please read this << post >>.

After the consistory we will also have 121 electors — 1 more than the specified 120 maximum. This is a problem. The next cardinal to turn 80 is Cardinal Panafieu on January 26, 2011. That is 67 days hence. If there were to be a conclave prior to January 26, 2011 we will have a problem. Though John Paul II (#265) also exceeded the 120 limit, twice, there are no provisions for catering for more than 120! If there was to be a pope elected when there was more than 120 electors, his election would not be constitutional — though papal tradition being what it is, this irregularity will be overlooked and never mentioned! Please read this << post >>.

This November 20 consistory is the first change to the composition of the College as of  November 14, 2010, when Latvian Cardinal Priest Jānis Pujats turned 80 and thus ceased to be a cardinal elector.


On November 20, 2010, there will be 121 cardinal electors (one over the limit) with 82 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 60% of cardinals.]

**********
The College, as of November 20, 2010, will be at 203, the largest number, ever.


College of Cardinals statistics Part I by Anura Guruge
Click to ENGLARGE
College of Cardinals stats. summary Part II by Anura Guruge.
College of Cardinals stats. summary Part II by Anura Guruge. Click to ENLARGE.

We have also lost a total of 4 cardinals, through demise, since the beginning of 2010. We lost three electors during the month of March 2010, and nine since the beginning of 2010. This is the smallest the College has been in awhile. The last time we were at these levels was in February 2001 when the college was down to 178 cardinals, albeit with 128 electors.
*********
After the last consistory on November 24, 2007, there were 201 cardinals, with 120 eligible to vote.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

November 20, 2010: Cardinal creating consistory at which 24 cardinals, 20 electors were created. ** The College now at 203, electors = 121 **

November 14, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Priest Jānis Pujats turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 101 **

October 15, 2010: Philippines Cardinal Priest Ricardo Jamin Vidal retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 102 **

October 15, 2010: Cameroon Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon Turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 102 **

October 11, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

October 7, 2010: Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. and German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes retire. But are still electors. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 103 (no change) **

October 2, 2010: Guatemalan Cardinal Priset Rodolfo Quezada Toruño retires but is still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

September 26, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 **

September 18, 2010: Syrian, Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 104 **

September 6, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Salvatore De Giorgi turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 105 **

August 30, 2010: French Cardinal Priest Paul Poupard turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College is still at 179; electors= 106 **

July 8, 2010: Colombian Cardinal Pedro Rubiano Sáenz retires as Archbishop of Bogotá. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 7, 2010: U.S. Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, on turning 80, ceased to be an elector. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 1, 2010: German Cardinal Walter Kasper, retires as the President, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 30, 2010: Italian Cardinal Bishop Giovanni Battista Re, retires as the Prefect, Congregation for Bishops and is replaced by Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, my #3 papabili from 2009. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 28, 2010: Indonesian Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, retires as the Archbishop of Jakarta. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 19, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats, retires as the Archbishop of Riga. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

May 4, 2010: Italian Cardinal Luigi Poggi , at one time the archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, died at the age of 92. ** The College now = 179; electors = 108 **

April 30, 2010: German Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer, a Benedictine, died at the age of 98, twenty three days prior to turning 99. ** The College then = 180 **

April 16, 2010: Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, a Jesuit, died at the age of 90. ** The College then = 181 **

March 31, 2010: Spanish Cardinal Julián Herranz Casado, Opus Dei, on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 108 electors. Julián Herranz Casado (b. March 31, 1930) of Spain, the retired President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and President of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. Spain has 10 cardinals, but only half of them are now eligible to vote. That still gives them a slight edge in terms of real representation. With 5 out of the 108 electors, Spain would a 4.6% representation if there were to be a conclave anytime soon. However, in terms of the world population of Catholics, Spain only has about 3.9%. So they can’t really complain, even though they probably will. Brazil with 3 times more Catholics has one less elector. Mexico with nearly twice more also only has 4 electors. The electors within the College does not reflect the population distribution of the Catholics. The U.S. and Europe gets preferential representation. This needs to be fixed at some point. <<q.v. Pages 7 to 11 of ‘The Next Pope’ book (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 20, 2010: NZ Cardinal Thomas Stafford on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 109 electors. NZ no longer has a vote if there was to be a conclave. ‘Oceania,’ [i.e., the Pacific basin] now only has one elector, viz. Australian Cardinal George Pell (b. 1941) who was created a cardinal in 2005. It is just like the ‘old days.’ The October 1958 conclave that elected John XXIII (#262) was the first conclave attended by a cardinal from Oceania, Australia’s Norman Thomas Gilroy. <<q.v. Pages 116 & 261 of ‘The Next Pope’ (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 18, 2010: US Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 110 electors. ** College then = 182 **

February 13, 2010: Cardinal Miloslav Vlk retired from being an Archbishop — but is still a bona fide elector. His resignation is per Code of Canon Law 401 § 1 requiring that diocesan bishops tender their resignation to the pope when they have completed their 75th year. ** College then = 182 **

January 27, 2010: Cardinal Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic on turning 80 became a non-elector. Canada has a total of 3 cardinals, two of whom are still electors; one of them, Cardinal Marc Ouellet a credible papabile. ** College then = 182 **

January 18, 2010: 76 year old Belgium Cardinal Godfried Danneels retired from being the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels. This did not alter the elector/non-elector numbers or the size of the College. Just changes the statistics as to the ‘occupations’ of the cardinals. ** College then = 182 **

January 10, 2010: Cardinal Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra, of Madagascar, Archbishop Emeritus of Antananarivo, died unexpectedly having had a fall while taking a walk. He had turned 84 last August.
** College then = 182 **

December 31, 2009: Cardinal Cahal Brendan Daly, of Ireland, Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh, died late in the day on Decmeber 31, 2009. He had turned 92 in October. ** College then = 183 **

December 30, 2009: Japanese Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, who had turned 81 this past June, died unexpectedly, in Tokyo. ** College then = 184 **

December 18, 2009: Cardinal Józef Glemp of Poland, created a cardinal by his compatriot in 1983, turned 80. He thus ceased to be an elector. That reduced the number of electors. ** College then = 185 **

November 17, 2009: Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, at 79, retired as the Archbishop of Douala. ** College then = 185 **

The Rationale for these Demographics

Following my “Next Pope — Papabili List for 2009,” I had some questions as to the amount of sway the curial cardinals would have at the next conclave. So I did some analysis on the composition of the current College beyond just age and nationalities. This is an ongoing effort to keep the data that I found up to-date. I also used these stats when writing my ‘The Next Pope – After Pope Benedict XVIbook.

Hope this helps. All the best.

Anura

Latvian Cardinal Priest Pujats Turns 80, Ceases To Be An Elector. College Still at 179, 101 Electors & 78 Non-Electors

by: Anura Guruge

Where possible these updates done per Rome time
[i.e., 6 hours ahead of US East Coast time]

Click here for a 6 page Adobe Acrobat PDF
[< 200KB] of the latest College of Cardinals Statistics — In Detail

Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats turns 80 and becomes a non-elector.
Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats turns 80 and becomes a non-elector.


On November 14, 2010, Latvian Cardinal Priest Jānis Pujats turned 80 and thus ceased to be a cardinal elector.

He was created in pectore (in the breast) by John Paul II (#265) in Feb. 1998 and named three years later. He retired from being the Archbishop of Riga in June 2010, having held that post for 19 years.

The College, for the time being, until next week’s consistory, is still at 179 cardinals, but with the electors down to 101.

This is the first change to the composition of the College since October 15, 2010, when Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon [Africa] turned 80. Also on that same day, Benedict XVI(#266)accepted the resignation of Cardinal Priest Ricardo Jamin Vidal of the Philippines, as the Archbishop of Cebu [Philippines].


As of November 14, 2010, of the cardinals only 101 are cardinal electors with 78 no longer able to participate in a conclave.
[The electors represent 56% of cardinals.]

**********
The College, as of May 4, 2010, has been at 179.

 


 

College of Cardinals Summary by Anura Guruge Part I
College of Cardinals Summary by Anura Guruge Part I
College of Cardinals Summary by Anura Guruge Part II
College of Cardinals Summary by Anura Guruge Part II


We have also lost a total of 4 cardinals, through demise, since the beginning of 2010. We lost three electors during the month of March 2010, and nine since the beginning of 2010. This is the smallest the College has been in awhile. The last time we were at these levels was in February 2001 when the college was down to 178 cardinals, albeit with 128 electors.
*********
After the last consistory on November 24, 2007, there were 201 cardinals, with 120 eligible to vote. I had thought that we were due for another consistory last year. That did not happen. This is not a problem. There is nothing wrong with having but 106 electors. Only 111 electors participated in both of the 1978 conclaves.

There will be a cardinal creating consistory on Saturday, November 20, 2010 when 24 new cardinals will be created.
Click << here >>.

There is CONSISTORY CENTRAL set up at popes-and-papacy.com.
lick << here >>.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

November 14, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Priest Jānis Pujats turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 101 **

October 15, 2010: Philippines Cardinal Priest Ricardo Jamin Vidal retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 102 **

October 15, 2010: Cameroon Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon Turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 102 **

October 11, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

October 7, 2010: Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. and German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes retire. But are still electors. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 103 (no change) **

October 2, 2010: Guatemalan Cardinal Priset Rodolfo Quezada Toruño retires but is still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

September 26, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 **

September 18, 2010: Syrian, Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 104 **

September 6, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Salvatore De Giorgi turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 105 **

August 30, 2010: French Cardinal Priest Paul Poupard turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College is still at 179; electors= 106 **

July 8, 2010: Colombian Cardinal Pedro Rubiano Sáenz retires as Archbishop of Bogotá. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 7, 2010: U.S. Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, on turning 80, ceased to be an elector. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 1, 2010: German Cardinal Walter Kasper, retires as the President, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 30, 2010: Italian Cardinal Bishop Giovanni Battista Re, retires as the Prefect, Congregation for Bishops and is replaced by Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, my #3 papabili from 2009. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 28, 2010: Indonesian Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, retires as the Archbishop of Jakarta. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 19, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats, retires as the Archbishop of Riga. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

May 4, 2010: Italian Cardinal Luigi Poggi , at one time the archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, died at the age of 92. ** The College now = 179; electors = 108 **

April 30, 2010: German Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer, a Benedictine, died at the age of 98, twenty three days prior to turning 99. ** The College then = 180 **

April 16, 2010: Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, a Jesuit, died at the age of 90. ** The College then = 181 **

March 31, 2010: Spanish Cardinal Julián Herranz Casado, Opus Dei, on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 108 electors. Julián Herranz Casado (b. March 31, 1930) of Spain, the retired President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and President of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. Spain has 10 cardinals, but only half of them are now eligible to vote. That still gives them a slight edge in terms of real representation. With 5 out of the 108 electors, Spain would a 4.6% representation if there were to be a conclave anytime soon. However, in terms of the world population of Catholics, Spain only has about 3.9%. So they can’t really complain, even though they probably will. Brazil with 3 times more Catholics has one less elector. Mexico with nearly twice more also only has 4 electors. The electors within the College does not reflect the population distribution of the Catholics. The U.S. and Europe gets preferential representation. This needs to be fixed at some point. <<q.v. Pages 7 to 11 of ‘The Next Pope’ book (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 20, 2010: NZ Cardinal Thomas Stafford on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 109 electors. NZ no longer has a vote if there was to be a conclave. ‘Oceania,’ [i.e., the Pacific basin] now only has one elector, viz. Australian Cardinal George Pell (b. 1941) who was created a cardinal in 2005. It is just like the ‘old days.’ The October 1958 conclave that elected John XXIII (#262) was the first conclave attended by a cardinal from Oceania, Australia’s Norman Thomas Gilroy. <<q.v. Pages 116 & 261 of ‘The Next Pope’ (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 18, 2010: US Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 110 electors. ** College then = 182 **

February 13, 2010: Cardinal Miloslav Vlk retired from being an Archbishop — but is still a bona fide elector. His resignation is per Code of Canon Law 401 § 1 requiring that diocesan bishops tender their resignation to the pope when they have completed their 75th year. ** College then = 182 **

January 27, 2010: Cardinal Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic on turning 80 became a non-elector. Canada has a total of 3 cardinals, two of whom are still electors; one of them, Cardinal Marc Ouellet a credible papabile. ** College then = 182 **

January 18, 2010: 76 year old Belgium Cardinal Godfried Danneels retired from being the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels. This did not alter the elector/non-elector numbers or the size of the College. Just changes the statistics as to the ‘occupations’ of the cardinals. ** College then = 182 **

January 10, 2010: Cardinal Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra, of Madagascar, Archbishop Emeritus of Antananarivo, died unexpectedly having had a fall while taking a walk. He had turned 84 last August.
** College then = 182 **

December 31, 2009: Cardinal Cahal Brendan Daly, of Ireland, Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh, died late in the day on Decmeber 31, 2009. He had turned 92 in October. ** College then = 183 **

December 30, 2009: Japanese Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, who had turned 81 this past June, died unexpectedly, in Tokyo. ** College then = 184 **

December 18, 2009: Cardinal Józef Glemp of Poland, created a cardinal by his compatriot in 1983, turned 80. He thus ceased to be an elector. That reduced the number of electors. ** College then = 185 **

November 17, 2009: Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, at 79, retired as the Archbishop of Douala. ** College then = 185 **

The Rationale for these Demographics

Following my “Next Pope — Papabili List for 2009,” I had some questions as to the amount of sway the curial cardinals would have at the next conclave. So I did some analysis on the composition of the current College beyond just age and nationalities. This is an ongoing effort to keep the data that I found up to-date. I also used these stats when writing my ‘The Next Pope – After Pope Benedict XVIbook.

Hope this helps. All the best.

Anura

Cardinal Priest Ricardo Vidal Retires, But Is Still An Elector. College of Cardinals as of October 15, 2010 is still at 179, 102 Electors and 77 Non-Electors

by: Anura Guruge

Where possible these updates done per Rome time
[i.e., 6 hours ahead of US East Coast time]

Click here for a 6 page Adobe Acrobat PDF
[< 200KB] of the latest College of Cardinals Statistics — In Detail

On October 15, 2010, Benedict XVI (#266) accepted the resignation of Cardinal Priest Ricardo Jamin Vidal of the Philippines [dob: Feb. 6, 1931] as the Archbishop of Cebu [Philippines], he at 79, being well past the 75 year retirement age specified in Canon Law. He had been the Archbishop of Cebu since 1982. He had been created a cardinal priest in May 1985. His retirement does not change the composition of the College since he remains an elector (albeit only until February 6, 2011).

Cardinal Ricardo Jamin Vidal, now retired as an Archbishop
Cardinal Ricardo Jamin Vidal, now retired as an Archbishop

Also on October 15, 2010 Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon [Africa] turned 80. He was created in June 1988. He retired as the Archbishop of Douala in November 2009 since he was well past the 75 year retirement age. He is the first and only cardinal from Cameroon. This was the first change to the composition of the College since September 20, 2010 when Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector.

Since then we have had four other cardinals retiring because of the 75 year old requirement. These being: Guatemalan Cardinal Priest Rodolfo Quezada Toruño (Oct. 2), Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. (Oct. 7), German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes (Oct. 7) & Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto (Oct. 11).

Between May 4 and now we have had 11 cardinals retire from their posts per the ’75’ year cut-off required per Canons 354 & 401 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law. [See below]

We have fifteen cardinals, over 75, who have not retired as yet — and that number is sure to increase at the next consistory, expected on November 20, 2010. [See below]


As of October 15, 2010, only 102 are cardinal electors with 77 no longer able to participate in a conclave. [The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]
**********
The College, as of May 4, 2010, has been at 179.


We have also lost a total of 4 cardinals, through demise, since the beginning of 2010. We lost three electors during the month of March 2010, and nine since the beginning of 2010.This is the smallest the College has been in awhile. The last time we were at these levels was in February 2001 when the college was down to 178 cardinals, albeit with 128 electors.

After the last consistory on November 24, 2007, there were 201 cardinals, with 120 eligible to vote. I had thought that we were due for another consistory last year. That did not happen. This is not a problem. There is nothing wrong with having but 106 electors. Only 111 electors participated in both of the 1978 conclaves.

There is now renewed chatter that there will be a cardinal-creating consistory in November 2010.

There is CONSISTORY CENTRAL set up at popes-and-papacy.com. Click << here >>.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

October 15, 2010: Philippines Cardinal Priest Ricardo Jamin Vidal retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179, electors = 102 **

October 15, 2010: Cameroon Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon Turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 102 **

October 11, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

October 7, 2010: Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. and German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes retire. But are still electors. ** The College continues at 179; electors = 103 (no change) **

October 2, 2010: Guatemalan Cardinal Priset Rodolfo Quezada Toruño retires but is still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

September 26, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 **

September 18, 2010: Syrian, Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 104 **

September 6, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Salvatore De Giorgi turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 105 **

August 30, 2010: French Cardinal Priest Paul Poupard turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College is still at 179; electors= 106 **

July 8, 2010: Colombian Cardinal Pedro Rubiano Sáenz retires as Archbishop of Bogotá. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 7, 2010: U.S. Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, on turning 80, ceased to be an elector. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 1, 2010: German Cardinal Walter Kasper, retires as the President, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 30, 2010: Italian Cardinal Bishop Giovanni Battista Re, retires as the Prefect, Congregation for Bishops and is replaced by Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, my #3 papabili from 2009. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 28, 2010: Indonesian Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, retires as the Archbishop of Jakarta. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 19, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats, retires as the Archbishop of Riga. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

May 4, 2010: Italian Cardinal Luigi Poggi , at one time the archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, died at the age of 92. ** The College now = 179; electors = 108 **

April 30, 2010: German Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer, a Benedictine, died at the age of 98, twenty three days prior to turning 99. ** The College then = 180 **

April 16, 2010: Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, a Jesuit, died at the age of 90. ** The College then = 181 **

March 31, 2010: Spanish Cardinal Julián Herranz Casado, Opus Dei, on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 108 electors. Julián Herranz Casado (b. March 31, 1930) of Spain, the retired President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and President of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. Spain has 10 cardinals, but only half of them are now eligible to vote. That still gives them a slight edge in terms of real representation. With 5 out of the 108 electors, Spain would a 4.6% representation if there were to be a conclave anytime soon. However, in terms of the world population of Catholics, Spain only has about 3.9%. So they can’t really complain, even though they probably will. Brazil with 3 times more Catholics has one less elector. Mexico with nearly twice more also only has 4 electors. The electors within the College does not reflect the population distribution of the Catholics. The U.S. and Europe gets preferential representation. This needs to be fixed at some point. <<q.v. Pages 7 to 11 of ‘The Next Pope’ book (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 20, 2010: NZ Cardinal Thomas Stafford on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 109 electors. NZ no longer has a vote if there was to be a conclave. ‘Oceania,’ [i.e., the Pacific basin] now only has one elector, viz. Australian Cardinal George Pell (b. 1941) who was created a cardinal in 2005. It is just like the ‘old days.’ The October 1958 conclave that elected John XXIII (#262) was the first conclave attended by a cardinal from Oceania, Australia’s Norman Thomas Gilroy. <<q.v. Pages 116 & 261 of ‘The Next Pope’ (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 18, 2010: US Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 110 electors. ** College then = 182 **

February 13, 2010: Cardinal Miloslav Vlk retired from being an Archbishop — but is still a bona fide elector. His resignation is per Code of Canon Law 401 § 1 requiring that diocesan bishops tender their resignation to the pope when they have completed their 75th year. ** College then = 182 **

January 27, 2010: Cardinal Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic on turning 80 became a non-elector. Canada has a total of 3 cardinals, two of whom are still electors; one of them, Cardinal Marc Ouellet a credible papabile. ** College then = 182 **

January 18, 2010: 76 year old Belgium Cardinal Godfried Danneels retired from being the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels. This did not alter the elector/non-elector numbers or the size of the College. Just changes the statistics as to the ‘occupations’ of the cardinals. ** College then = 182 **

January 10, 2010: Cardinal Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra, of Madagascar, Archbishop Emeritus of Antananarivo, died unexpectedly having had a fall while taking a walk. He had turned 84 last August.
** College then = 182 **

December 31, 2009: Cardinal Cahal Brendan Daly, of Ireland, Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh, died late in the day on Decmeber 31, 2009. He had turned 92 in October. ** College then = 183 **

December 30, 2009: Japanese Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, who had turned 81 this past June, died unexpectedly, in Tokyo. ** College then = 184 **

December 18, 2009: Cardinal Józef Glemp of Poland, created a cardinal by his compatriot in 1983, turned 80. He thus ceased to be an elector. That reduced the number of electors. ** College then = 185 **

November 17, 2009: Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, at 79, retired as the Archbishop of Douala. ** College then = 185 **

October 24, 2009: Italian Cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino, well over the 75 year retirement age, resigned from being the President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. ** College then = 185 **

I checked on September 25, 2010 (Rome time) the Vatican list of cardinals. It has not been updated since February 20, 2010! So it is at 182 cardinals, 111 electors. So the Vatican list continues to fall out-of-step! To be fair, as far as I have seen, the Vatican has never claimed to be competent, not even when the Inquisition was running rampant. Just autocratic.

The Rationale for these Demographics

Following my “Next Pope — Papabili List for 2009,” I had some questions as to the amount of sway the curial cardinals would have at the next conclave. So I did some analysis on the composition of the current College beyond just age and nationalities. This is an ongoing effort to keep the data that I found up to-date. I also used these stats when writing my ‘The Next Pope – After Pope Benedict XVIbook.

Of the 179 total cardinals:

  • 6 are Cardinal Bishops, 3 are Oriental Rites Patriarchs, 143 are Cardinal Priests & 27 Cardinal Deacons
  • Average age is 77.9 years
  • 32 belong to religious orders, with 2 more belonging to Opus Dei which is a Personal Prelature
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 13, Americas 48 (U.S.A. 16), Asia 18, Europe 96 (Italy 38), Oceania 4
    Africa 12 countries, Americas 16, Asia 11, Europe 23, Oceania 2 — 64 countries in total
    Italy 38, U.S.A 16, Spain 10, France 9, Poland 8, Germany 6, Brazil 8, India 6, Argentina 4, Mexico 4, Canada 3, Ireland 2, Philippines 3 & Switzerland 3

 

Of the 102 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:

  • 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 82 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons [Zero Oriental Rites Patriarchs]
  • 16 hold curial offices. Of these 1 is a cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone), 6 are cardinal priests and 11 are cardinal deacons
    (Italy – 6, Rest of Europe – 5, U.S.A. – 1, Canada – 1, Latin America – 1 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
  • 53 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
  • 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
  • 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
  • 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
  • 29 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formerly of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
  • Average age is 72.4 years; 7 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 58
  • 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
  • 72 (71%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
  • 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 8, Americas 32 (U.S.A. 11), Asia 9, Europe 52 (Italy 17), Oceania 1
    Africa 7 countries, Americas 14, Asia 6, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
    Italy 17, U.S.A 11, France 5, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2

 

Of the 77 cardinals, over the age of 80:

  • 2 are Cardinal Bishops, 3 are Oriental Rites Patriarch (Babylon of the Chaldeans & Antioch for Maronites), 61 are Cardinal Priests & 11 are Cardinal Deacons
  • 1 is an Archbishops – Cardinal Vithayathil, Syro-Malabra (India)
  • 71 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 2 are Oriental Rites Patriarchs
  • 3, Cardinal Deacons and distinguished academics all, fall into a ‘continuing prior career’ category in that they were created cardinals after they had turned 80 and were thus too old to hold curial offices.
  • Average age is 85.3 years; oldest Cardinal Tonini (Italy) at 96 with eight in their 80th year.
  • 12 belong to religious orders with 6 of them Jesuits & 3 Franciscans plus 1 belonging to Opus Dei.
  • 4 of these cardinals were created by Pope Paul VI between 1969 and 1976
  • 67 (87%) by Pope John Paul II between 1979 and 2003
  • 6 by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 5, Americas 16 (U.S.A. 5), Asia 9, Europe 44 (Italy 21), Oceania 3
    Africa 5 countries, Americas 8, Asia 7, Europe 11, Oceania 2 — 31 countries in total
    Italy 20, Poland 5, Spain 5, Brazil 4, U.S.A 5, France 4, India 3

Hope this helps. All the best.

Anura

Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon Turns 80. College of Cardinals as of October 15, 2010 is still at 179, but 102 Electors and 77 Non-Electors

by: Anura Guruge

Where possible these updates done per Rome time
[i.e., 6 hours ahead of US East Coast time]

Click here for a 6 page Adobe Acrobat PDF
[< 200KB] of the latest College of Cardinals Statistics — In Detail

On October 15, 2010, Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon [Africa] turned 80. He was created in June 1988. He retired as the Archbishop of Douala in November 2009 since he was well past the 75 year retirement age. He is the first and only cardinal from Cameroon.

 

Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, now a non-elector
Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, now a non-elector

 

 

Cameroon
Cameroon

 

This is the first change to the composition of the College since September 20, 2010 when Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector.

Since then we have had four other cardinals retiring because of the 75 year old requirement. These being: Guatemalan Cardinal Priest Rodolfo Quezada Toruño (Oct. 2), Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. (Oct. 7), German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes (Oct. 7) & Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto (Oct. 11).

Between May 4 and now we have had 10 cardinals retire from their posts per the ’75’ year cut-off required per Canons 354 & 401 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law. [See below]


As of October 15, 2010, only 102 are cardinal electors with 77 no longer able to participate in a conclave. [The electors represent 57% of cardinals.]
**********
The College, as of May 4, 2010, has been at 179.

 


We have also lost a total of 4 cardinals, through demise, since the beginning of 2010. We lost three electors during the month of March 2010, and nine since the beginning of 2010.This is the smallest the College has been in awhile. The last time we were at these levels was in February 2001 when the college was down to 178 cardinals, albeit with 128 electors.

 

After the last consistory on November 24, 2007, there were 201 cardinals, with 120 eligible to vote. I had thought that we were due for another consistory last year. That did not happen. This is not a problem. There is nothing wrong with having but 106 electors. Only 111 electors participated in both of the 1978 conclaves.

There is now renewed chatter that there will be a cardinal-creating consistory in November 2010.

There is CONSISTORY CENTRAL set up at popes-and-papacy.com. Click << here >>.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

October 15, 2010 Cameroon Cardinal Priest Christian Wyghan Tumi of Cameroon Turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 102 **

October 11, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

October 7, 2010: Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. and German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes retire. But are still electors. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

October 2, 2010: Guatemalan Cardinal Priset Rodolfo Quezada Toruño retires but is still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

September 26, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 **

September 18, 2010: Syrian, Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 104 **

September 6, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Salvatore De Giorgi turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 105 **

August 30, 2010: French Cardinal Priest Paul Poupard turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College is still at 179; electors= 106 **

July 8, 2010: Colombian Cardinal Pedro Rubiano Sáenz retires as Archbishop of Bogotá. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 7, 2010: U.S. Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, on turning 80, ceased to be an elector. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 1, 2010: German Cardinal Walter Kasper, retires as the President, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 30, 2010: Italian Cardinal Bishop Giovanni Battista Re, retires as the Prefect, Congregation for Bishops and is replaced by Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, my #3 papabili from 2009. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 28, 2010: Indonesian Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, retires as the Archbishop of Jakarta. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 19, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats, retires as the Archbishop of Riga. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

May 4, 2010: Italian Cardinal Luigi Poggi , at one time the archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, died at the age of 92. ** The College now = 179; electors = 108 **

April 30, 2010: German Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer, a Benedictine, died at the age of 98, twenty three days prior to turning 99. ** The College then = 180 **

April 16, 2010: Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, a Jesuit, died at the age of 90. ** The College then = 181 **

March 31, 2010: Spanish Cardinal Julián Herranz Casado, Opus Dei, on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 108 electors. Julián Herranz Casado (b. March 31, 1930) of Spain, the retired President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and President of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. Spain has 10 cardinals, but only half of them are now eligible to vote. That still gives them a slight edge in terms of real representation. With 5 out of the 108 electors, Spain would a 4.6% representation if there were to be a conclave anytime soon. However, in terms of the world population of Catholics, Spain only has about 3.9%. So they can’t really complain, even though they probably will. Brazil with 3 times more Catholics has one less elector. Mexico with nearly twice more also only has 4 electors. The electors within the College does not reflect the population distribution of the Catholics. The U.S. and Europe gets preferential representation. This needs to be fixed at some point. <<q.v. Pages 7 to 11 of ‘The Next Pope’ book (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 20, 2010: NZ Cardinal Thomas Stafford on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 109 electors. NZ no longer has a vote if there was to be a conclave. ‘Oceania,’ [i.e., the Pacific basin] now only has one elector, viz. Australian Cardinal George Pell (b. 1941) who was created a cardinal in 2005. It is just like the ‘old days.’ The October 1958 conclave that elected John XXIII (#262) was the first conclave attended by a cardinal from Oceania, Australia’s Norman Thomas Gilroy. <<q.v. Pages 116 & 261 of ‘The Next Pope’ (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 18, 2010: US Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 110 electors. ** College then = 182 **

February 13, 2010: Cardinal Miloslav Vlk retired from being an Archbishop — but is still a bona fide elector. His resignation is per Code of Canon Law 401 § 1 requiring that diocesan bishops tender their resignation to the pope when they have completed their 75th year. ** College then = 182 **

January 27, 2010: Cardinal Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic on turning 80 became a non-elector. Canada has a total of 3 cardinals, two of whom are still electors; one of them, Cardinal Marc Ouellet a credible papabile. ** College then = 182 **

January 18, 2010: 76 year old Belgium Cardinal Godfried Danneels retired from being the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels. This did not alter the elector/non-elector numbers or the size of the College. Just changes the statistics as to the ‘occupations’ of the cardinals. ** College then = 182 **

January 10, 2010: Cardinal Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra, of Madagascar, Archbishop Emeritus of Antananarivo, died unexpectedly having had a fall while taking a walk. He had turned 84 last August.
** College then = 182 **

December 31, 2009: Cardinal Cahal Brendan Daly, of Ireland, Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh, died late in the day on Decmeber 31, 2009. He had turned 92 in October. ** College then = 183 **

December 30, 2009: Japanese Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, who had turned 81 this past June, died unexpectedly, in Tokyo. ** College then = 184 **

December 18, 2009: Cardinal Józef Glemp of Poland, created a cardinal by his compatriot in 1983, turned 80. He thus ceased to be an elector. That reduced the number of electors. ** College then = 185 **

November 17, 2009: Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, at 79, retired as the Archbishop of Douala. ** College then = 185 **

October 24, 2009: Italian Cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino, well over the 75 year retirement age, resigned from being the President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. ** College then = 185 **

I checked on September 25, 2010 (Rome time) the Vatican list of cardinals. It has not been updated since February 20, 2010! So it is at 182 cardinals, 111 electors. So the Vatican list continues to fall out-of-step! To be fair, as far as I have seen, the Vatican has never claimed to be competent, not even when the Inquisition was running rampant. Just autocratic.

The Rationale for these Demographics

Following my “Next Pope — Papabili List for 2009,” I had some questions as to the amount of sway the curial cardinals would have at the next conclave. So I did some analysis on the composition of the current College beyond just age and nationalities. This is an ongoing effort to keep the data that I found up to-date. I also used these stats when writing my ‘The Next Pope – After Pope Benedict XVIbook.

Of the 179 total cardinals:

  • 6 are Cardinal Bishops, 3 are Oriental Rites Patriarchs, 143 are Cardinal Priests & 27 Cardinal Deacons
  • Average age is 77.9 years
  • 32 belong to religious orders, with 2 more belonging to Opus Dei which is a Personal Prelature
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 13, Americas 48 (U.S.A. 16), Asia 18, Europe 96 (Italy 38), Oceania 4
    Africa 12 countries, Americas 16, Asia 11, Europe 23, Oceania 2 — 64 countries in total
    Italy 38, U.S.A 16, Spain 10, France 9, Poland 8, Germany 6, Brazil 8, India 6, Argentina 4, Mexico 4, Canada 3, Ireland 2, Philippines 3 & Switzerland 3

 

Of the 102 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:

  • 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 82 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons [Zero Oriental Rites Patriarchs]
  • 16 hold curial offices. Of these 1 is a cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone), 6 are cardinal priests and 11 are cardinal deacons
    (Italy – 6, Rest of Europe – 5, U.S.A. – 1, Canada – 1, Latin America – 1 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
  • 54 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
  • 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
  • 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
  • 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
  • 28 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formerly of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
  • Average age is 72.4 years; 7 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 58
  • 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
  • 72 (71%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
  • 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 8, Americas 32 (U.S.A. 11), Asia 9, Europe 52 (Italy 17), Oceania 1
    Africa 7 countries, Americas 14, Asia 6, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
    Italy 17, U.S.A 11, France 5, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2

 

Of the 77 cardinals, over the age of 80:

  • 2 are Cardinal Bishops, 3 are Oriental Rites Patriarch (Babylon of the Chaldeans & Antioch for Maronites), 61 are Cardinal Priests & 11 are Cardinal Deacons
  • 1 is an Archbishops – Cardinal Vithayathil, Syro-Malabra (India)
  • 71 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 2 are Oriental Rites Patriarchs
  • 3, Cardinal Deacons and distinguished academics all, fall into a ‘continuing prior career’ category in that they were created cardinals after they had turned 80 and were thus too old to hold curial offices.
  • Average age is 85.3 years; oldest Cardinal Tonini (Italy) at 96 with eight in their 80th year.
  • 12 belong to religious orders with 6 of them Jesuits & 3 Franciscans plus 1 belonging to Opus Dei.
  • 4 of these cardinals were created by Pope Paul VI between 1969 and 1976
  • 67 (87%) by Pope John Paul II between 1979 and 2003
  • 6 by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 5, Americas 16 (U.S.A. 5), Asia 9, Europe 44 (Italy 21), Oceania 3
    Africa 5 countries, Americas 8, Asia 7, Europe 11, Oceania 2 — 31 countries in total
    Italy 20, Poland 5, Spain 5, Brazil 4, U.S.A 5, France 4, India 3

Hope this helps. All the best.

Anura

Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto Retires But Is Still An Elector. College of Cardinals as of Oct. 11, 2010 is still at 179, 103 Electors & 76 Non-Electors

by: Anura Guruge

Where possible these updates done per Rome time
[i.e., 6 hours ahead of US East Coast time]

Click here for a 6 page Adobe Acrobat PDF
[< 200KB] of the latest College of Cardinals Statistics — In Detail


Italian Cardinal Severino Poletto retires from Turin.
Italian Cardinal Severino Poletto retires from Turin.

On October 11, 2010, Benedict XVI (#266) accepted the resignations of Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto, 77 [dob Mar. 18. 1933] , as the Archbishop of Turin, a post he held since June 1999, per per the 75 year retirement age requirement in Canons 354 & 401 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law. He had been created a cardinal in Feb. 2001. He continues to be an elector.

Just four days earlier, on October 7, 2010, Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. [Friars Minor] and German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes retired.

Five days prior to that, on October 2, 2010, Guatemalan Cardinal Priest Rodolfo Quezada Toruño , 78, retired as the Archbishop of Guatemala City. So we have had four retirements already in October. There is now a total of 99 retired cardinals — 29 still young enough to be electors. But, this also means that nearly 30% of the electorate is no longer in active service.

Something has to be done when it comes to the 75 year retirement age and the 80 year no-longer-an-elector rule. The size and RELEVANCE of the College of Cardinals is spiraling out of control. At a minimum, at least reconcile the two, so that 80 becomes the one cut-off norm for cardinals, rather than having this crazy, two-tier system.

The last change to the College per se was on September 26, 2010 when Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector.

Between May 4 and now we have had 10 cardinals retire from their posts per the ’75’ year cut-off required per Canons 354 & 401 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law. [See below]


But, as of September 26, 2010, only 103 are cardinal electors with 76 no longer able to participate in a conclave. [The electors represent 58% of cardinals.]

This retirement does not change these numbers.

The College, as of May 4, 2010, has been at 179.


We have also lost a total of 4 cardinals, through demise, since the beginning of 2010.We lost three electors during the month of March 2010, and nine since the beginning of 2010.

This is the smallest the College has been in awhile. The last time we were at these levels was in February 2001 when the college was down to 178 cardinals, albeit with 128 electors.

After the last consistory on November 24, 2007, there were 201 cardinals, with 120 eligible to vote. I had thought that we were due for another consistory last year. That did not happen. This is not a problem. There is nothing wrong with having but 106 electors. Only 111 electors participated in both of the 1978 conclaves. There is now renewed chatter that there will be a cardinal-creating consistory in November 2010.

There is CONSISTORY CENTRAL set up at popes-and-papacy.com. Click << here >>.

Summary of Major Changes in the Last 12 Months

October 11, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Severino Poletto retires. But still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

October 7, 2010: Brazilian Cardinal Priest Cláudio Hummes, O.F. M. and German Cardinal Deacon Paul Josef Cordes retire. But are still electors. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

October 2, 2010: Guatemalan Cardinal Priset Rodolfo Quezada Toruño retires but is still an elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 (no change) **

September 26, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Michele Giordano turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 103 **

September 18, 2010: Syrian, Oriental Rites Cardinal Bishop Ignace Moussa I Daoud turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 104 **

September 6, 2010: Italian Cardinal Priest Salvatore De Giorgi turned 80, thus ceasing to be a cardinal elector. ** The College continues at 179; electors= 105 **

August 30, 2010: French Cardinal Priest Paul Poupard turned 80 and ceased to be a cardinal elector. ** The College is still at 179; electors= 106 **

July 8, 2010: Colombian Cardinal Pedro Rubiano Sáenz retires as Archbishop of Bogotá. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 7, 2010: U.S. Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick, on turning 80, ceased to be an elector. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 107 **

July 1, 2010: German Cardinal Walter Kasper, retires as the President, Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 30, 2010: Italian Cardinal Bishop Giovanni Battista Re, retires as the Prefect, Congregation for Bishops and is replaced by Canadian Cardinal Marc Ouellet, my #3 papabili from 2009. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 28, 2010: Indonesian Cardinal Jiulius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, retires as the Archbishop of Jakarta. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

June 19, 2010: Latvian Cardinal Janis Pujats, retires as the Archbishop of Riga. ** The College is still at = 179; electors = 108 **

May 4, 2010: Italian Cardinal Luigi Poggi , at one time the archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, died at the age of 92. ** The College now = 179; electors = 108 **

April 30, 2010: German Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer, a Benedictine, died at the age of 98, twenty three days prior to turning 99. ** The College then = 180 **

April 16, 2010: Czechoslovakian Cardinal Tomáš Špidlík, a Jesuit, died at the age of 90. ** The College then = 181 **

March 31, 2010: Spanish Cardinal Julián Herranz Casado, Opus Dei, on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 108 electors. Julián Herranz Casado (b. March 31, 1930) of Spain, the retired President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and President of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia turned 80 and thus ceased to be an elector. Spain has 10 cardinals, but only half of them are now eligible to vote. That still gives them a slight edge in terms of real representation. With 5 out of the 108 electors, Spain would a 4.6% representation if there were to be a conclave anytime soon. However, in terms of the world population of Catholics, Spain only has about 3.9%. So they can’t really complain, even though they probably will. Brazil with 3 times more Catholics has one less elector. Mexico with nearly twice more also only has 4 electors. The electors within the College does not reflect the population distribution of the Catholics. The U.S. and Europe gets preferential representation. This needs to be fixed at some point. <<q.v. Pages 7 to 11 of ‘The Next Pope’ book (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 20, 2010: NZ Cardinal Thomas Stafford on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 109 electors. NZ no longer has a vote if there was to be a conclave. ‘Oceania,’ [i.e., the Pacific basin] now only has one elector, viz. Australian Cardinal George Pell (b. 1941) who was created a cardinal in 2005. It is just like the ‘old days.’ The October 1958 conclave that elected John XXIII (#262) was the first conclave attended by a cardinal from Oceania, Australia’s Norman Thomas Gilroy. <<q.v. Pages 116 & 261 of ‘The Next Pope’ (for free, of course) at Google Books.>> ** College then = 182 **

March 18, 2010: US Cardinal Adam Joseph Maida on turning 80 ceased to be an elector. We then had 110 electors. ** College then = 182 **

February 13, 2010: Cardinal Miloslav Vlk retired from being an Archbishop — but is still a bona fide elector. His resignation is per Code of Canon Law 401 § 1 requiring that diocesan bishops tender their resignation to the pope when they have completed their 75th year. ** College then = 182 **

January 27, 2010: Cardinal Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic on turning 80 became a non-elector. Canada has a total of 3 cardinals, two of whom are still electors; one of them, Cardinal Marc Ouellet a credible papabile. ** College then = 182 **

January 18, 2010: 76 year old Belgium Cardinal Godfried Danneels retired from being the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels. This did not alter the elector/non-elector numbers or the size of the College. Just changes the statistics as to the ‘occupations’ of the cardinals. ** College then = 182 **

January 10, 2010: Cardinal Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra, of Madagascar, Archbishop Emeritus of Antananarivo, died unexpectedly having had a fall while taking a walk. He had turned 84 last August.
** College then = 182 **

December 31, 2009: Cardinal Cahal Brendan Daly, of Ireland, Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh, died late in the day on Decmeber 31, 2009. He had turned 92 in October. ** College then = 183 **

December 30, 2009: Japanese Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, who had turned 81 this past June, died unexpectedly, in Tokyo. ** College then = 184 **

December 18, 2009: Cardinal Józef Glemp of Poland, created a cardinal by his compatriot in 1983, turned 80. He thus ceased to be an elector. That reduced the number of electors. ** College then = 185 **

November 17, 2009: Cardinal Christian Wiyghan Tumi of Cameroon, at 79, retired as the Archbishop of Douala. ** College then = 185 **

October 24, 2009: Italian Cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino, well over the 75 year retirement age, resigned from being the President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. ** College then = 185 **

July 17, 2009: Cardinal Jean Margéot (Mauritius), a cardinal priest since 1988, died at the age of 93. ** College then = 185 **

I checked on September 25, 2010 (Rome time) the Vatican list of cardinals. It has not been updated since February 20, 2010! So it is at 182 cardinals, 111 electors. So the Vatican list continues to fall out-of-step! To be fair, as far as I have seen, the Vatican has never claimed to be competent, not even when the Inquisition was running rampant. Just autocratic.

The Rationale for these Demographics

Following my “Next Pope — Papabili List for 2009,” I had some questions as to the amount of sway the curial cardinals would have at the next conclave. So I did some analysis on the composition of the current College beyond just age and nationalities. This is an ongoing effort to keep the data that I found up to-date. I also used these stats when writing my ‘The Next Pope – After Pope Benedict XVIbook.

Of the 179 total cardinals:

  • 6 are Cardinal Bishops, 3 are Oriental Rites Patriarchs, 143 are Cardinal Priests & 27 Cardinal Deacons
  • Average age is 77.9 years
  • 32 belong to religious orders, with 2 more belonging to Opus Dei which is a Personal Prelature
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 13, Americas 48 (U.S.A. 16), Asia 18, Europe 96 (Italy 38), Oceania 4
    Africa 12 countries, Americas 16, Asia 11, Europe 23, Oceania 2 — 64 countries in total
    Italy 38, U.S.A 16, Spain 10, France 9, Poland 8, Germany 6, Brazil 8, India 6, Argentina 4, Mexico 4, Canada 3, Ireland 2, Philippines 3 & Switzerland 3

Of the 103 cardinals, under the age of 80 [i.e., ‘electors’]:

  • 4 are Cardinal Bishops, 83 are Cardinal Priests & 16 are Cardinal Deacons [Zero Oriental Rites Patriarchs]
  • 16 hold curial offices. Of these 1 is a cardinal bishops (viz. Bertone), 6 are cardinal priests and 11 are cardinal deacons
    (Italy – 6, Rest of Europe – 5, U.S.A. – 1, Canada – 1, Latin America – 1 , India – 1 & Africa – 1)
  • 54 are Archbishops including two Patriarchs – i.e., Venice and Lisbon (Portugal)
  • 1 is Bishop — Mainz (Germany)
  • 1 is the Vicar General of Rome, viz. Cardinal Agostino Vallini (papabile)
  • 1 is the Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Jerusalem, viz. Cardinal John Patrick Foley
  • 29 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 1, viz. Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (formerly of Boston, USA), is an Archpriest
  • Average age is 72.5 years; 10 in their 79th year, youngest being Peter Erdö (Hungary) at 58
  • 19 belong to religious orders, 4 of whom are Salesians, 3 Franciscans, 2 Jesuits along with an additional 1 belonging to Opus Dei
  • 73 (71%) of these cardinals were created by Pope John Paul II between 1983 and 2003
  • 30 were created by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 9, Americas 32 (U.S.A. 11), Asia 9, Europe 52 (Italy 17), Oceania 1
    Africa 8 countries, Americas 14, Asia 6, Europe 21, Oceania 1 — 51 countries in total
    Italy 17, U.S.A 11, France 5, Spain 5, Germany 5, Brazil 4, Mexico 4, Poland 3, India 3 & Canada 2

Of the 76 cardinals, over the age of 80:

  • 2 are Cardinal Bishops, 3 are Oriental Rites Patriarch (Babylon of the Chaldeans & Antioch for Maronites), 60 are Cardinal Priests & 11 are Cardinal Deacons
  • 1 is an Archbishops – Cardinal Vithayathil, Syro-Malabra (India)
  • 70 are ‘retired,’ i.e., emeritus status
  • 2 are Oriental Rites Patriarchs
  • 3, Cardinal Deacons and distinguished academics all, fall into a ‘continuing prior career’ category in that they were created cardinals after they had turned 80 and were thus too old to hold curial offices.
  • Average age is 85.3 years; oldest Cardinal Tonini (Italy) at 96 with eight in their 80th year.
  • 12 belong to religious orders with 6 of them Jesuits & 3 Franciscans plus 1 belonging to Opus Dei.
  • 4 of these cardinals were created by Pope Paul VI between 1969 and 1976
  • 66 (87%) by Pope John Paul II between 1979 and 2003
  • 6 by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 & 2007
  • The macro geographic breakdown is as follows:
    Africa 4, Americas 16 (U.S.A. 5), Asia 9, Europe 44 (Italy 21), Oceania 3
    Africa 4 countries, Americas 8, Asia 7, Europe 11, Oceania 2 — 31 countries in total
    Italy 20, Poland 5, Spain 5, Brazil 4, U.S.A 5, France 4, India 3

Hope this helps. All the best.

Anura